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Microsatellite instability (MSI) is a hypermutable phenotype caused by the loss of DNA mismatch repair activity. MSI is detected in about 15% of all colorectal cancers; 3% are of these are associated with Lynch syndrome and the other 12% are caused by sporadic, acquired hypermethylation of the promoter of the MLH1 gene, which occurs in tumors with the CpG(More)
Although turmeric (Curcuma longa; an Indian spice) has been described in Ayurveda, as a treatment for inflammatory diseases and is referred by different names in different cultures, the active principle called curcumin or diferuloylmethane, a yellow pigment present in turmeric (curry powder) has been shown to exhibit numerous activities. Extensive research(More)
A multiplex PCR assay was developed for the detection of toxigenic and pathogenicV. cholerae from direct water sources using specific primers targeting diverse genes,viz. outer membrane protein (ompW), cholera toxin (ctxB), ORF specific for O1 (rfbG), zonula occludens (zot) and toxin co-regulated pilus (tcpB); among these genes,ompW acts as internal control(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) is one of the mechanisms involved in colorectal carcinogenesis (CRC). Although CIMP is probably the cause of high-frequency microsatellite instability (MSI-H) sporadic CRCs, its role in microsatellite stable (MSS) tumors is debated. The majority of MSS CRCs demonstrate chromosomal instability(More)
OBJECTIVE Distant metastasis is the major cause of cancer-related death in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Although the microRNA-200 (miR-200) family is a crucial inhibitor of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in human cancer, the role of miR-200 members in the pathogenesis of metastatic CRC has not been investigated. DESIGN Fifty-four(More)
The present study was carried out to elucidate the mechanism of seed deterioration in two cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) cultivars (HS6 and H1098). The seeds were artificially aged at 40 +/- 1 degree C and 100% relative humidity for 4 days. In both cultivars, germinability decreased, whereas membrane deterioration, as assayed by electrical conductivity of(More)
The analysis carried out in this technical paper highlights the concepts, working, advantages and practical applications of programmable logic controllers, along with a comparison with other control systems. A PLC aids in automation of a process by monitoring inputs and controlling outputs after making a decision on the basis of its program. It is commonly(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the ability of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-related microRNAs (miRNAs) as serum biomarkers for prognosis and prediction of metastasis in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). BACKGROUND Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-related miRNAs drive CRC progression and metastasis. However, their potential as serum biomarkers in(More)
PURPOSE Microsatellite instability (MSI) is used to screen colorectal cancers (CRC) for Lynch Syndrome, and to predict outcome and response to treatment. The current technique for measuring MSI requires DNA from normal and neoplastic tissues, and fails to identify tumors with specific DNA mismatch repair (MMR) defects. We tested a panel of five(More)
Global downregulation of microRNAs (miRNA) is a common feature in colorectal cancer (CRC). Whereas CpG island hypermethylation constitutes a mechanism for miRNA silencing, this field largely remains unexplored. Herein, we describe the epigenetic regulation of miR-137 and its contribution to colorectal carcinogenesis. We determined the methylation status of(More)