Ajay K. Wakhloo

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OBJECT Results of previous in vitro and in vivo experimental studies have suggested that placement of a porous stent within the parent artery across the aneurysm neck may hemodynamically uncouple the aneurysm from the parent vessel, leading to thrombosis of the aneurysm. For complex wide-necked aneurysms, a stent may also aid packing of the aneurysm with(More)
In a retrospective analysis, the authors studied the pial and dural blood supplies in 74 intracranial meningiomas and quantified their associated peritumoral brain edema (PTBE). The extent and localization of pial blush in relation to the total tumor volume were determined angiographically. The amount of edema and tumor size were calculated using(More)
We investigated the changes of flow patterns in a blood vessel with a side wall aneurysm resulting from placement of a stent. Local hemodynamics can be markedly altered by placing an intravascular stent, which covers the orifice of the aneurysm. The alternations in flow patterns can lead to flow stasis in the aneurysmal pouch and promote the formation of a(More)
IMPORTANCE Intracranial stenosis is one of the most common etiologies of stroke. To our knowledge, no randomized clinical trials have compared balloon-expandable stent treatment with medical therapy in symptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the balloon-expandable stent plus medical therapy vs medical(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate the periprocedural morbidity, mortality, and long-term clinical and angiographic follow-up using stent-assisted coiling and stenting alone for treatment of cranial fusiform dissecting and atherosclerotic aneurysms. METHODS The Institutional Review Board approved the study. A retrospective(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigate the predictive value of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow void on outcome after shunting in a prospective series of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). METHODS The degree and extension of CSF flow void were examined on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging scans of 37 elderly patients with idiopathic NPH(More)
PURPOSE To assess the efficacy of metal stents for the treatment of different forms and sizes of carotid aneurysms. METHODS A total of 14 experimentally constructed aneurysms in dogs were treated with transfemorally placed balloon-expandable tantalum and self-expanding nitinol stents. RESULTS In 10 cases, stenting produced either immediate complete(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy of preoperative meningioma devascularization with small polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles. METHODS In 34 patients with intracranial meningiomas, CT, MR, 1H MR spectroscopy, MR volumetric measurements, intraoperative ultrasound, and histopathologic findings were used to compare the efficacy of two embolization techniques:(More)
We have treated 23 patients with central retinal artery occlusion by intra-arterial fibrinolysis, a method already in use for treatment of thromboembolic occlusion of the cerebral arteries. Fibrinolysis was carried out through a microcatheter placed in the origin of the ophthalmic artery. When ophthalmic artery cannot be catheterised, treatment can be(More)
We treated 14 consecutive patients for acute central retinal artery occlusion. Eleven were treated with urokinase introduced through a microcatheter in the proximal segment of the ophthalmic artery. Fibrinolysis was succeeded by heparinization for two to three days. Instead of urokinase, we used tissue plasminogen activator in three patients. Vision(More)