Ajanee Mahakkanukrauh

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BACKGROUND Avascular necrosis (AVN) has been reported in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and most SLE patients suffer from this problem. OBJECTIVES To study the prevalence of AVN in Thai SLE patients and to determine the risk factors for developing AVN. METHODS A retrospective study was performed, between January 1, 1995 and August 31, 2005, on(More)
This study aimed to identify the indications for hospitalization, hospital mortality rate, predictors of hospital mortality, and clinical parameters affecting length of stay (LOS) among Thai systemic sclerosis (SSc). A retrospective study was performed in SSc patients admitted in Khon Kaen University, Thailand, between January 2008 and December 2010. The(More)
Skin tightness is a major clinical manifestation of systemic sclerosis (SSc). Importantly for both clinicians and patients, spontaneous regression of the fibrosis process has been documented. The purpose of this study is to identify the incidence and related clinical characteristics of spontaneous regression among Thai SSc patients. A historical cohort with(More)
AIMS Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a major complication and cause of death in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Our objective was to identify the predictive factors of mortality and the 2-year survival rate among Thai sufferers of PAH-SSc. METHODS An historical cohort study was performed among PAH-SSc patients followed up at Srinagarind Hospital,(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac involvement is one of clinical presentations in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The pericardial fluid profile and the causes of pericardial effusion were our focus. OBJECTIVES To demonstrate the characteristics and causes of pericardial effusion in SSc. METHODS A descriptive retrospective study was performed on SSc patients with symptomatic(More)
Exertional rhabdomyolysis is a life threatening condition resulting from lysis of muscle cells after vigorous exercise. It can cause many complications such as renal failure. It occurs most commonly in military personnel but also in civilians who have excessive excercise after work. Two cases of freshmen who had exertional rhabdomyolysis were reported to(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-system involvement autoimmune disease that commonly occurs in childbearing age women. During pregnancy and postpartum period, disease activity may be severe or unchanged. Disease flare during pregnancy consistently affects pregnancy outcome. OBJECTIVE To study pregnancy outcomes and predictive(More)
BACKGROUND Renal involvement in scleroderma is life-threatening. Early detection of a deterioration of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is needed to preserve kidney function. OBJECTIVES To (A) determine the correlation between (1) estimated GFR (eGFR) using 4 different formulae and (2) measured GFR (mGFR) using isotopic renal scan in Thai patients(More)
BACKGROUND Undifferentiated arthritis (UA) comprises arthritis not yet identifiable as a specific rheumatic disease. Few reports exist on the natural course of UA in Thai patients. OBJECTIVE To study the clinical features and natural course of UA in Thai patients. METHOD A retrospective, analytical study was performed among Thai patients diagnosed with(More)
OBJECTIVES Peripheral cytopenia is frequently found among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Bone marrow examination is usually considered in most cases; however, the incidence and association between cytopenia and disorders of the bone marrow remain unclear. We therefore conducted a prospective, cross-sectional, analytical study among(More)