Aiysha Thompson

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Cyclin D1 binds and regulates the activity of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) 4 and 6. Phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein by cyclin D1.CDK4/6 complexes during the G(1) phase of the cell cycle promotes entry into S phase. Cyclin D1 protein is ubiquitinated and degraded by the 26 S proteasome. Previous studies have demonstrated that cyclin D1(More)
Human Ia-like, class II molecules were isolated by immunoprecipitation with monoclonal antibodies from various HLA-D/DR homozygous cell lines and were analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The monoclonal antibody PLM12 reacted with B cells carrying DR4, DR5, DRw6.2, and DRw9 phenotypes, and its reactivity perfectly correlated with the previously(More)
The glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) is a G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) and an important target in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Upon stimulation with agonist, the GLP-1R signals through both Gαs and Gαq coupled pathways to stimulate insulin secretion. The agonist-induced GLP-1R internalisation has recently been shown to be(More)
The luteinizing hormone chorionic gonadotropin receptor (LHCGR) is a G(s)-coupled GPCR that is essential for the maturation and function of the ovary and testis. LHCGR is internalized following its activation, which regulates the biological responsiveness of the receptor. Previous studies indicated that ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF)6 and its GTP-exchange(More)
Cyclin D1 is an important regulator of the transition from G1 into S phase of the cell cycle. The level to which cyclin D1 accumulates is tightly regulated. One mechanism contributing to the control of cyclin D1 levels is the regulation of its ubiquitination. SK-UT-1B cells are deficient in the degradation of D-type cyclins. We show here that p27, a(More)
Calorie restriction (CR) is neuroprotective in Parkinson's disease (PD) although the mechanisms are unknown. In this study we hypothesized that elevated ghrelin, a gut hormone with neuroprotective properties, during CR prevents neurodegeneration in an 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) model of PD. CR attenuated the MPTP-induced loss of(More)
By using alloantisera, three distinct HLA-D/DR region-encoded class II molecules were identified from cells carrying the HLA-DR4 and DRw9 haplotypes. Both DRw-53 and DQw3 molecules that bear the "supertypic" specificity were isolated independently from the DR antigen. The light chains of the DR4 antigens from different HLA-D types were distinct from one(More)
BACKGROUND Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder, which may result from alteration of the gastrointestinal microbiota following gastrointestinal infection, or with intestinal dysbiosis or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. This may be treated with antibiotics, but there is concern that widespread antibiotic use(More)