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CONTEXT Recent studies have suggested a link between inhaled particulate matter exposure in urban areas and susceptibility to cardiovascular events; however, the precise mechanisms remain to be determined. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that subchronic exposure to environmentally relevant particulate matter, even at low concentrations, potentiates(More)
We have previously shown that chronic exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (less than 2.5 μm in aerodynamic diameter, PM₂.₅) pollution in conjunction with high-fat diet induces insulin resistance through alterations in inflammatory pathways. In this study, we evaluated the effects of PM₂.₅ exposure over a substantive duration of a rodent's lifespan(More)
p120-catenin exists in a membrane-associated cadherin-bound pool, a cytosolic pool that affects Rho GTPases, and a nuclear pool that is thought to associate with the methylation-relevant transcriptional repressor Kaiso. We show here that cytoplasmic p120 can also associate both directly and indirectly with the microtubule network, and that p120 traffics(More)
Exposure to ambient air pollution has been associated with increases in blood pressure. We have previously demonstrated activation of the Rho/Rho kinase pathway in experimental hypertension in rats. In this investigation, we evaluated the effects of particulate matter of < 2.5 microm (PM(2.5)) exposure on cardiovascular responses and remodeling and tested(More)
Recent studies have suggested a link between inhaled particulate matter (PM) exposure and atherogenesis. We investigated tissue factor (TF) expression with ambient fine particulate matter (diameter < 2.5 microm, PM(2.5)) exposure and in response to in vitro exposure to fine and ultrafine PM in cultured human bronchial epithelial cells, vascular smooth(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Air pollution is a global challenge to public health. Epidemiological studies have linked exposure to ambient particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters<2.5 μm (PM(2.5)) to the development of metabolic diseases. In this study, we investigated the effect of PM(2.5) exposure on liver pathogenesis and the mechanism by which ambient PM(2.5)(More)
Previous studies have shown a link between inhaled particulate matter (PM) exposure in urban areas and susceptibility to cardiovascular diseases. Although an oxidative stress pathway is strongly implicated, the locus of generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the mechanisms by which these radicals exert their effects remain to be characterized. To(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of early-life exposure to airborne fine particulate matter (diameter, <2.5 μm [PM(2.5)]) pollution on metabolic parameters, inflammation, and adiposity; and to investigate the involvement of oxidative stress pathways in the development of metabolic abnormalities. METHODS AND RESULTS PM(2.5) inhalation exposure (6 h/d, 5(More)
A high-fat diet (HFD) is associated with adipose inflammation, which contributes to key components of metabolic syndrome, including obesity and insulin resistance. The increased visceral adipose tissue mass associated with obesity is the result of hyperplasia and hypertrophy of adipocytes. To investigate the effects of exercise on HFD-induced metabolic(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic and experimental studies support an association between PM2.5 exposure and insulin resistance (IR). Innate immune cell activation has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of these effects. OBJECTIVES We sought to evaluate the role of CC-chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) in PM2.5-mediated inflammation and IR. METHODS(More)