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cCdx-B (formerly cHox-cad 2) is a chick homeobox-containing gene related to the Drosophila caudal. Compared with other caudal homologues, its similarity is highest with the murine Cdx-4. In the present study, we characterize the localization of cCdx-B transcripts to the caudal region of the embryo by using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(More)
Genes of the SOX family of high-mobility group transcription factors are essential during nervous system development. In this study, we show that SOX5 is expressed by neural progenitors in the chick spinal cord and is turned off as differentiation proceeds. The overexpression of SOX5 in neural progenitors causes premature cell cycle exit and prevents(More)
Coordination between functionally related adjacent tissues is essential during development. For example, formation of trunk neural crest cells (NCCs) is highly influenced by the adjacent mesoderm, but the molecular mechanism involved is not well understood. As part of this mechanism, fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and retinoic acid (RA) mesodermal gradients(More)
The development of the neural crest up to the stage where they leave the neural tube can be observed as a series of concatenated but independent events that involve dorsalization of the neural plate/neural tube, neural crest induction, segregation and stabilization, epithelial to mesenchymal transition and delamination. During all these processes, the(More)
While the role of heat shock proteins under experimental stress conditions is clearly characterized, their expression in unstressed cells and tissues and their functions in normal cell physiology, besides their chaperone action, remain largely undetermined. We report here the identification in chicken of the antigen recognized by the monoclonal antibody PM1(More)
Sox5 is a member of the SoxD group of HMG-box transcription factors that, during the early stages of development, promotes neural crest generation. However, little is known about Sox5 function in neural crest derivatives such as the peripheral sensory nervous system. We have analysed the embryonic expression of Sox5 during chick cranial ganglia development,(More)
The basic organization of somatosensory circuits in the spinal cord is already setup during the initial patterning of the dorsal neural tube. Extrinsic signals, such as Wnt and TGF-β pathways, activate combinatorial codes of transcription factors that are responsible for generating a pattern of discrete domains of dorsal progenitors (dp). These progenitors(More)
The specific actions of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and the role of brain-derived IGF-I during hippocampal neurogenesis have not been fully defined. To address the influence of IGF-I on the stages of hippocampal neurogenesis, we studied a postnatal/adult global Igf-I knockout (KO) mice (Igf-I(-/-) ) and a nervous system Igf-I conditional KO(More)
1 Genes of the Sox family of HMG-transcription factors are essential during nervous system development. Here, we show that Sox5 is expressed by neural progenitors in the chick spinal cord and is turned off as differentiation proceeds. Over-expression of Sox5 in neural progenitors causes premature cell cycle exit and prevents terminal differentiation.(More)
A prevalent developmental mechanism for the assignment of cell identities is the production of spatiotemporal concentration gradients of extracellular signaling molecules that are interpreted by the responding cells. One of such signaling systems is the Shh gradient that controls neuronal subtype identity in the ventral spinal cord. Using loss and gain of(More)
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