Learn More
The structure and stability of repeat proteins has been little studied in comparison to the properties of the more familiar globular proteins. Here, the structure and stability of designed tetratricopeptide-repeat (TPR) proteins is described. The TPR is a 34-amino-acid motif which adopts a helix-turn-helix structure and occurs as tandem repeats. The design(More)
Protein design aims to understand the fundamentals of protein structure by creating novel proteins with pre-specified folds. An equally important goal is to understand protein function by creating novel proteins with pre-specified activities. Here we describe the design and characterization of a tetratricopeptide (TPR) protein, which binds to the C-terminal(More)
Repeat proteins comprise tandem arrays of a small structural motif. Their structure is defined and stabilized by interactions between residues that are close in the primary sequence. Several studies have investigated whether their structural modularity translates into modular thermodynamic properties. Tetratricopeptide repeat proteins (TPRs) are a class in(More)
The folding/unfolding transitions of a series of designed consensus tetratricopeptide repeat proteins are quantitatively described by the classical one-dimensional Ising model, which thus represents a new folding paradigm for repeat proteins. Moreover, for the first time for any protein, a theoretical model predicts the folding/unfolding transition midpoint(More)
Repeat proteins contain tandem arrays of small structural motifs. As a consequence of this architecture, they adopt non-globular, extended structures that present large, highly specific surfaces for ligand binding. Here we discuss recent advances toward understanding the functional role of this unique modular architecture. We showcase specific examples of(More)
Tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domains bind specific peptide ligands and are thought to mediate protein-protein interactions in a variety of biological systems. Here we compare peptide ligand-binding by several different TPR domains. We present specific examples that demonstrate that TPR domains typically undergo little or no structural rearrangement upon(More)
Molecules specifically designed to modulate protein-protein interactions have tremendous potential as novel therapeutic agents. One important anticancer target is the chaperone Hsp90, whose activity is essential for the folding of many oncogenic proteins, including HER2, IGFIR, AKT, RAF-1, and FLT-3. Here we report the design and characterization of new(More)
A major challenge of protein design is to create useful new proteins that interact specifically with biological targets in living cells. Such binding modules have many potential applications, including the targeted perturbation of protein networks. As a general approach to create such modules, we designed a library with approximately 10(9) different binding(More)
Designer protein modules, which bind specifically to a desired target, have numerous potential applications. One approach to creating such proteins is to construct and screen libraries. Here we present a detailed description of using a split-GFP reassembly assay to screen libraries and identify proteins with novel binding properties. Attractive features of(More)
Repeat proteins contain tandem arrays of a simple structural motif. In contrast to globular proteins, repeat proteins are stabilized only by interactions between residues that are relatively close together in the sequence, with no "long-range" interactions. Our work focuses on the tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR), a 34 amino acid helix-turn-helix motif found(More)