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IL-4 down-regulates the productions of IL-1 and TNF-alpha in human monocytes. We examined whether the productions of IL-1 and a specific receptor antagonist of IL-1 (IL-1Ra) in human blood monocytes were regulated differently. Highly purified blood monocytes, isolated by centrifugal elutriation from healthy donors, were stimulated with LPS in the presence(More)
Highly purified lymphocytes (greater than 99%) and monocytes (greater than 90%) were isolated by CCE from peripheral blood of healthy donors. Blood lymphocytes were separated by this CCE into 9 subpopulations. The NK activities of these lymphocyte fractions against NK-sensitive K-562 cells and their LAK activities against NK cell-resistant target (Daudi)(More)
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) has previously been found to downregulate interleukin-1 (IL-1) production, but to upregulate the production of IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) in human monocytes stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In the present study we wanted to determine whether the production of IL-1ra in human monocytes and alveolar macrophages (AMs) is(More)
Human inter-alpha-trypsin-inhibitor (ITI) is a serine proteinase inhibitor with a molecular weight of 220 kDa which consists of 3 different polypeptides. The constitutive components are 2 heavy chains (H1 and H2 chains) and 1 light chain (L chain), and its inhibitory activity is considered to be derived from this L chain. It has also been reported that this(More)
The effects of recombinant human interleukin-4 (IL-4) on the production of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) by human alveolar macrophages (AM) and autologous peripheral blood monocytes (PBM) in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were examined. AM and PBM were obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage and centrifugal elutriation,(More)
The present study was undertaken to examine the effects of intrapleural administration of IL-2 on induction of cytotoxic killer cells and on secondary production of cytokines in malignant pleural effusions. During daily local administration of IL-2, significant in vivo induction of cytotoxic activity was observed after 3-7 days, followed by a decrease in(More)
Freshly isolated human peripheral blood monocytes from healthy volunteers are not cytotoxic to allogeneic A375 melanoma cells, but they were rendered tumoricidal by incubation in vitro with either liposomes containing 5 micrograms/mumol phospholipid of muramyl tripeptide phosphatidylethanolamine (liposome-MTP-PE; optimal dose, 500 nmol/ml) or recombinant(More)
Normal human alveolar macrophages (AM) significantly and reproducibly suppress induction of IL 2-activated killer (LAK) cell activity against allogeneic Burkitt's lymphoma (Daudi) cells. Incubation of purified peripheral blood lymphocytes for 4 days with autologous AM and 1 U/ml of IL 2 resulted in AM-mediated suppression of LAK activity, whereas peripheral(More)
Natural killer cell stimulatory factor (NKSF/IL-12) has been found to induce cytotoxic activity of human blood T cells. In the present study, the effect of NKSF on induction of cytotoxic CD8+ T cells in the presence or absence of monocytes was examined. Highly purified lymphocytes (> 99%) and monocytes (> 90%) were isolated by centrifugal elutriation from(More)
The purpose of these studies was to determine whether the tumoricidal phenotype of human blood monocytes would be affected by different activation signals. Human monocytes obtained by elutriation of buffy coats were cultured in vitro in medium containing LPS, muramyltripeptide phosphatidylethanolamine (MTP-PE), or a lipopeptide analogue of gram-negative(More)