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Terminals in the rat spinal cord that express the vanilloid receptor VR1 are from small and medium dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and appear prominent in lamina I and inner lamina II. Because primary afferents from these neurons can be myelinated or unmyelinated and their terminals in these laminae can be of various morphological and functional types,(More)
Somatostatins are peptide hormones that regulate diverse cellular processes, such as neurotransmission, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and endocrine signaling as well as inhibiting the release of many hormones and other secretory proteins. SSTR1 is a member of the superfamily of somatostatin receptors possessing seven-transmembrane segments. Aberrant(More)
Adenylate cyclase-associated protein 1 (CAP1), a member of cyclase-associated proteins that regulating actin dynamics, was shown to regulate actin filaments, localize to dynamic actin structures and mediate such processes as establishment of cell polarity, motility, morphogenesis, receptor-mediated endocytosis and mRNA location. But little is known about(More)
K-homology splicing regulator protein (KHSRP), a multifunctional RNA-binding protein, was originally thought to primarily control mRNA decay. KHSRP was shown to be involved in p38MAPK, NF-κB and the JAK2-STAT-1a pathways. Besides, KHSRP regulated neuronal localization of beta-actin and microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) mRNAs, respectively. However,(More)
The Mpv17 gene encodes a mitochondrial inner-membrane protein that has been implicated in several cell activities. Almost all studies have previously indicated that loss of function or gene-inactivated in Mpv17 can induce the development of disease. Here, we explored the roles of Mpv17 protein in the pathophysiology of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). An ICH(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), a well-identified hypoxia-related protein, is involved in regulating the biological functions of various cell types including neurons. The traditional biological function of HIF-1α is promoting the transcription of some pro-survival genes when exposing to low oxygen conditions. Meanwhile, some studies also point out(More)
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy has been widely applied and recognized in the treatment of brain injury; however, the correlation between the protective effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy and changes of metabolites in the brain remains unclear. To investigate the effect and potential mechanism of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on cognitive functioning in rats, we(More)
Nuclear respiratory factor 2 (NRF-2) has been shown to contribute to the transcriptional regulation of a number of subunits of respiratory chain enzymes, including cytochrome c oxidase (CO). Our recent study demonstrated a parallel distribution of the alpha subunit proteins of NRF-2 (NRF-2 alpha) with CO in the monkey striate cortex, and that it can be(More)
LIN28, an RNA-binding protein, is known to be involved in the regulation of many cellular processes, such as embryonic stem cell proliferation, cell fate succession, developmental timing, and oncogenesis. However, its expression and function in central nervous system still unclear. In this study, we performed an acute spinal cord contusion injury (SCI)(More)
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy helps alleviate secondary injury following brain trauma [traumatic brain injury (TBI)], although the mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we assessed recovery of post-TBI spatial learning and memory in rats using the Morris water maze (MWM) and measured changes in apparent diffusion coefficient in the hippocampus by(More)