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There is extensive evidence that ethanol interacts with a variety of neurotransmitters. Considerable research indicates that the major actions of ethanol involve enhancement of the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) at GABAA receptors and blockade of the NMDA subtype of excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptor. Ethanol increases GABAA receptor-mediated(More)
Ethanol withdrawal (ETX) in ethanol-dependent rats results in susceptibility to seizures, including generalized tonic-clonic audiogenic seizures (AGS). The inferior colliculus (IC) is strongly implicated in AGS initiation during ETX, but IC neuronal mechanisms subserving AGS are unclear. The present study examined IC (central nucleus) single neuronal firing(More)
Susceptibility to audiogenic seizures (AGS) is observed during ethanol withdrawal (ETX). The pontine reticular formation (PRF) is implicated in the propagation pathway for AGS during ETX. The present study examined the changes in single PRF neuronal firing patterns produced by ethanol and during ETX following repeated intragastrically administered ethanol.(More)
Physical dependence on ethanol can result in seizure susceptibility during ethanol withdrawal. In rats, generalized tonic-clonic seizures are precipitated by auditory stimulation during the ethanol withdrawal syndrome. Excitant amino acids (EAAs) are implicated as neurotransmitters in the inferior colliculus and the brain stem reticular formation, which(More)
Alterations of excitant amino acid (EAA) action are implicated in seizure susceptibility in the genetically epilepsy-prone rat (GEPR). The inferior colliculus (IC) is critical for audiogenic seizure (AGS) initiation in the GEPR. The present study observed that bilateral microinjection into the IC of L-canaline, a glutamate synthesis inhibitor, decreased AGS(More)
The main purpose of the study is to determine the impact of employee turnover on the performance of an organization. The research study supports the argument of Derek (2006) that the employee " s turnover positively associated with the organization inefficiency. The research study was based on quantitative research technique. The questionnaires were(More)
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