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The astrocytic protein S100B stimulates neurite outgrowth and neuronal survival during CNS development. S100B can also stimulate glial activation, leading to induction of pro-inflammatory molecules like interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Although it is known that S100B's neurotrophic activity requires a(More)
Compelling evidence links chronic activation of glia and the subsequent cycle of neuroinflammation and neuronal dysfunction to the progression of neurodegeneration in disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). S100B, a glial-derived cytokine, is significantly elevated in the brains of AD patients and high concentrations of S100B are believed to be(More)
BACKGROUND Antiretroviral therapy for HIV-2 infection is hampered by intrinsic resistance to many of the drugs used to treat HIV-1. Limited studies suggest that the integrase inhibitors (INIs) raltegravir and elvitegravir have potent activity against HIV-2 in culture and in infected patients. There is a paucity of data on genotypic variation in HIV-2(More)
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