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Initial genetic characterizations have suggested that the influenza A (H7N9) viruses responsible for the current outbreak in China are novel reassortants. However, little is known about the pathways of their evolution and, in particular, the generation of diverse viral genotypes. Here we report an in-depth evolutionary analysis of whole-genome sequence data(More)
Influenza virus can rapidly change its antigenicity, via mutation in the hemagglutinin (HA) protein, to evade host immunity. The emergence of the novel human-infecting avian H7N9 virus in China has caused widespread concern. However, evolution of the antigenicity of this virus is not well understood. Here, we inferred the antigenic epitopes of the HA(More)
Efficient assembly of the influenza virus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, a heterotrimeric complex formed by three subunits (PA, PB1 and PB2) is critical for virus replication and pathogenicity. Therefore, interfering with the assembly of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase complex could offer novel and effective anti-influenza therapeutics. In the present(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) during sepsis is associated with poor outcome. However, diagnosis of AKI with serum creatinine (SCr) level change is neither highly sensitive nor specific. Therefore, identification of novel biomarkers for early diagnosis of AKI is desirable. AIMS To evaluate the capacity of combining urinary netrin-1 and human kidney(More)
The recent availability of full genomic sequence data for a large number of human influenza A (H3N2) virus isolates over many years provides us an opportunity to analyze human influenza virus evolution by considering all gene segments simultaneously. However, such analysis requires development of new computational models that can capture the complex(More)
Fold recognition, or threading, is a popular protein structure modeling approach that uses known structure templates to build structures for those of unknown. The key to the success of fold recognition methods lies in the proper integration of sequence, physiochemical and structural information. Here we introduce another type of information, local(More)
One of the primary efforts in influenza vaccine strain recommendation is to monitor through gene sequencing the viral surface protein haemagglutinin (HA) variants that lead to viral antigenic changes. Here we have developed a computational method, denoted as PREDAC, to predict antigenic clusters of influenza A (H3N2) viruses with high accuracy from viral HA(More)
BACKGROUND The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common devastating syndrome in intensive care unit in critically ill patients. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) has been shown beneficial effects on oxygenation and survival in patients with ARDS. However, it is still controversial about the timing of initiation of CRRT. METHODS(More)