Aiping Ding

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Carbon nanotubes have attracted great interest in multidisciplinary study since their discovery. Herein, radionuclide 243Am(III) sorption to uncapped multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was carried out at 20+/-2 degrees C in 0.01 and 0.1 M NaClO4 solutions. Effects of 243Am(III) solution concentration, ionic strength, and pH on 243Am(III) sorption to MWCNTs(More)
This paper describes the development and testing of VirtualDose--a software for reporting organ doses for adult and pediatric patients who undergo x-ray computed tomography (CT) examinations. The software is based on a comprehensive database of organ doses derived from Monte Carlo (MC) simulations involving a library of 25 anatomically realistic phantoms(More)
PURPOSE To generate Dose Length Product to Effective Dose conversion factors (k-factors) for a series of overweight and obese patients and to establish a functional form for k-factors in relation to body mass index. METHODS Using the Monte Carlo code MCNPX 2.5.0 and a validated model of the CT source, CT scans were simulated on a series of overweight and(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the organ dose differences caused by the arms-raised and arms-lowered postures for multidetector computed tomography procedures. Organ doses were calculated using computational phantoms and Monte Carlo simulations. The arm position in two previously developed adult male and female human phantoms was adjusted to(More)
Although it is known that obesity has a profound effect on x-ray computed tomography (CT) image quality and patient organ dose, quantitative data describing this relationship are not currently available. This study examines the effect of obesity on the calculated radiation dose to organs and tissues from CT using newly developed phantoms representing(More)
PURPOSE To calculate imaging doses to the rectum, bladder, and femoral heads as part of a prostate cancer treatment plans, assuming an image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) procedure involving either the multidetector CT (MDCT) or kilovoltage cone-beam CT (kV CBCT). METHODS This study considered an IGRT treatment plan for a prostate carcinoma patient(More)
The accuracy of proton therapy is partially limited by uncertainties that result from changing pathological conditions in the patient such as tumor motion and shrinkage. These uncertainties can be minimized with the help of a time-resolved range telescope. Monte Carlo methods can help improve the performance of range telescopes by tracking proton(More)
PURPOSE Dose and monitor units (MUs) represent two important facets of a radiation therapy treatment. In current practice, verification of a treatment plan is commonly done in dose domain, in which a phantom measurement or forward dose calculation is performed to examine the dosimetric accuracy and the MU settings of a given treatment plan. While it is(More)
Monte Carlo (MC) method is able to accurately calculate eigenvalues in reactor analysis. Its lengthy computation time can be reduced by general-purpose computing on Graphics Processing Units (GPU), one of the latest parallel computing techniques under development. The method of porting a regular transport code to GPU is usually very straightforward due to(More)
This paper adopts the Shannon entropy algorithm to search the optimal wavelet packet from bottom to up, and decomposes the original image and watermark respectively with wavelet packet, and finally embeds the watermark data into the selected basis of wavelet packet of the original image. This invisible watermarking verified by experiments indicates that it(More)