Ainara Sistiaga

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We have addressed the role of protein phosphatases (PPs) in the modulation of the switch in glutamate release observed after repetitive stimulation of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs). In cerebrocortical nerve terminals the agonist (S:)-3, 5-dihydroxyphenylglycine facilitated evoked glutamate release. However, a second stimulation, 5 min(More)
The mechanism by which changes in cyclic GMP (cGMP) regulate glutamate release was investigated in rat cerebrocortical nerve terminals. The elevation of cGMP levels by inhibition of cGMP-phosphodiesterase with 2-o-propoxy-phenyl-8-azapurin-6-one (zaprinast) reduced the Ca(2+)-dependent glutamate release evoked by depolarization with 30 mM KCl or 1 mM(More)
BACKGROUND Although central nervous system (CNS) involvement in adult myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) was described long ago, the large number of variables affecting the cognitive and personality profile have made it difficult to determine the effect of DM1 on the brain. The aim of this study was to define the cognitive and personality patterns in adult DM1(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common dementing disorder and presents with a progressive and irreversible cognitive decline of gradual onset. To date, several reports have involved iron in AD physiopathology. In this study, we have analysed TFC2 variant and HFE mutations (H63D and C282Y) in 211 AD patients and 167 controls recruited from an area of(More)
In this study we have addressed the identification of the metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) involved in the facilitation of glutamate release in nerve terminals from the cerebral cortex. mGluR1 and 5 are coupled to phosphoinositide hydrolysis and the activation of these receptors with the specific agonist 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) enhances the(More)
Neanderthal dietary reconstructions have, to date, been based on indirect evidence and may underestimate the significance of plants as a food source. While zooarchaeological and stable isotope data have conveyed an image of Neanderthals as largely carnivorous, studies on dental calculus and scattered palaeobotanical evidence suggest some degree of(More)
Previous studies based on case descriptions and neuroradiological findings have suggested central nervous system (CNS) involvement in facioscapulohumeral dystrophy. The aim of this work is to explore the relationship between cognitive/personality pattern and the underlying molecular defect for this muscular dystrophy. We performed a wide-ranging(More)
Our understanding of early human diets is based on reconstructed biomechanics of hominin jaws, bone and teeth isotopic data, tooth wear patterns, lithic, taphonomic and zooarchaeological data, which do not provide information about the relative amounts of different types of foods that contributed most to early human diets. Faecal biomarkers are proving to(More)
We have addressed the role of arachidonic acid in the facilitation of glutamate release by group I metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors. The activation of these receptors with the specific agonist 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) failed to enhance the cumulative Ca(2+)-dependent release of glutamate evoked by a 5 min depolarization with 4-aminopyridine,(More)
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