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BACKGROUND Increased intrahepatic vascular tone in cirrhosis has been attributed to a decrease of hepatic nitric oxide (NO) secondary to disturbances in the post-translational regulation of the enzyme eNOS. NO scavenging by superoxide (O(2)(-)) further contributes to a reduction of NO bioavailability in cirrhotic livers. AIM To investigate whether(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Sinusoidal endothelial dysfunction with decreased nitric oxide (NO) production contributes to increased hepatic resistance in cirrhosis. Statins improve endothelial dysfunction in peripheral vasculature. This study was designed to characterize the hemodynamic and molecular effects of statins in cirrhotic rats. METHODS Systemic and(More)
UNLABELLED In cirrhotic livers, decreased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability is a major factor increasing intrahepatic vascular tone. In several vascular disorders, an increase in superoxide (O(2) (-)) has been shown to contribute to reduced NO bioavailability through its reaction with NO to form peroxynitrite. This study was aimed to test the hypothesis(More)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome. Most morbidity associated with the metabolic syndrome is related to vascular complications, in which endothelial dysfunction is a major pathogenic factor. However, whether NAFLD is associated with endothelial dysfunction within the hepatic vasculature is(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) is overexpressed in sinusoidal endothelial cells (SEC) of cirrhotic rat livers, and through an enhanced production of vasoconstrictor prostanoids contributes to increase intrahepatic resistance. Our study was aimed at investigating the role of enhanced AA bioavailability modulating the hepatic vascular tone of(More)
UNLABELLED Increased production of vasoconstrictive prostanoids, such as thromboxane A2 (TXA2 ), contributes to endothelial dysfunction and increased hepatic vascular tone in cirrhosis. TXA2 induces vasoconstriction by way of activation of the thromboxane-A2 /prostaglandin-endoperoxide (TP) receptor. This study investigated whether terutroban, a specific TP(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Splanchnic vasodilation initiates the hyperdynamic syndrome in portal hypertension. We aimed to explore molecular mechanisms involved in the development of mesenteric vasodilation in portal hypertension. METHODS Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) samples from portal vein ligated (PVL) and sham rats were compared in a time course experiment(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Increased hepatic vascular resistance in cirrhosis is in part due to reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. This is related to insufficient NO synthesis from endothelial nitric oxide synthase and to enhanced NO scavenging by superoxide radicals (O(2)(-)). Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-oxidase is an important(More)
p21(Cip1), first described as an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases, has recently been shown to have a function in the formation of cyclin D-Cdk4 complexes and in their nuclear translocation. The dual behavior of p21(Cip1) may be due to its association with other proteins. Different evidence presented here indicate an in vitro and in vivo interaction of(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p21(Cip1) has a dual role in the regulation of the cell cycle; it is an activator of cyclin D1-CDK4 complexes and an inhibitor of cyclins E/A-CDK2 activity. By affinity chromatography with p21(Cip1)-Sepharose 4B columns, we purified a 39-kDa protein, which was identified by microsequence analysis as the(More)