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Adiponectin has recently been shown to be a promising candidate for the treatment of obesity-associated metabolic syndromes. Replenishment of recombinant adiponectin in mice can decrease hyperglycemia, reverse insulin resistance, and cause sustained weight loss without affecting food intake. Here we report its potential roles in alcoholic and nonalcoholic(More)
BACKGROUND Lipocalin-2, a 25-kDa secreted glycoprotein, is a useful biomarker for early detection of various renal injuries. Because lipocalin-2 is abundantly expressed in adipose tissue and liver, we investigated its relevance to obesity-related pathologies. METHODS We used real-time PCR and in-house immunoassays to quantify the mRNA and serum(More)
OBJECTIVE Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is a metabolic regulator with multiple beneficial effects on glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity in animal models. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between its serum levels and various cardiometabolic parameters in humans. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A newly developed immunoassay was(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), a hormone primarily secreted by the liver in response to peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα) activation, has recently been shown to possess beneficial effects on lipid metabolism and hepatic steatosis in animal models. This study investigated the association of FGF21 with nonalcoholic(More)
BACKGROUND Adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP) is traditionally thought to be a cytosolic fatty acid chaperone expressed in adipocytes. Mice with targeted disruption of the A-FABP gene exhibit a striking phenotype with strong protection from insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, and atherosclerosis. The clinical relevance of these findings remains to(More)
CONTEXT Recent large-scale genome-wide association studies identified novel genetic variants associated with obesity and body mass index (BMI) in addition to the well-described FTO and MC4R genetic variants. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to examine 13 previously reported obesity and/or BMI-associated loci for associations with obesity in Chinese. DESIGN(More)
Natural killer T (NKT) cells are important therapeutic targets in various disease models and are under clinical trials for cancer patients. However, their function in obesity and type 2 diabetes remains unclear. Our data show that adipose tissues of both mice and humans contain a population of type 1 NKT cells, whose abundance decreases with increased(More)
Although leptin is a key adipokine promoting liver fibrosis, adiponectin may prevent liver injury. To determine the role of these adipokines in liver fibrosis and to understand their expression in vivo, fa/fa rats and their lean littermates were subjected to bile duct ligation (BDL). Histomorphometry for collagen and alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA)(More)
PURPOSE We aimed to investigate the effects of adiponectin on liver cancer growth and metastasis and explore the underlying mechanisms. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN An orthotopic liver tumor nude mice model with distant metastatic potential was applied. Either Ad-adiponectin (1 x 10(8); treatment group) or Ad-luciferase (control group) was injected via portal vein(More)
AIM To evaluate the undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of liver (UESL) in adults in order to improve its diagnosis and treatment. METHODS Four primary and one recurrent cases of UESL were clinicopathologically evaluated and immunohistochemically investigated with a panel of antibodies using the EnVision+ system. Relevant literature about UESL in adults(More)