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Projecting the distribution of malaria vectors under climate change is essential for planning integrated vector control activities for sustaining elimination and preventing reintroduction of malaria. In China, however, little knowledge exists on the possible effects of climate change on malaria vectors. Here we assess the potential impact of climate change(More)
Hydrophobins are a family of small, moderately hydrophobic proteins with eight cysteine residues arranged in a conserved pattern. A full-length cDNA, designated Po.hyd, corresponding to a hydrophobin gene of Pleurotus ostreatus was obtained in our previous work. The Po.hyd gene contains a 333 bp open reading frame (ORF), which is interrupted by two typical(More)
A transformation system for the basidiomycete Pleurotus ostreatus was established using agrobacterium-mediated infection. Following P. ostreatus glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene analysis, its promoter region including two introns was used as cis-regulatory element to drive expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP). As a selection(More)
The full-length cDNA of Pleurotus ostreatus superoxide dismutase (PoMn-SOD) was cloned and successfully expressed by using the pPIC9K vector under the control of alcohol oxidase 1 promoter with a secretion signal peptide (α-factor) in Pichia pastoris. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blotting demonstrated that(More)
Manganese-containing superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) is one of the most important superoxide dismutases found in many eukaryotes and bacteria. In this study, the full-length cDNA of mitochondrial manganese superoxide dismutase from Pleurotus ostreatus (PoMn-SOD) was obtained. It contained 776 nucleotides with an open reading frame (ORF) of 663 bp, encoding(More)
An aspartic protease gene from Pleurotus ostreatus (Po-Asp) had been cloned based on the 3' portion of cDNA in our previous work. The Po-Asp cDNA contained 1,324 nucleotides with an open reading frame (ORF) of 1,212 bp encoding 403 amino acid residues. The putative amino acid sequence included a signal peptide, an activation peptide, two most possible(More)
To gain insights into dimorphism, cell wall polysaccharides from Tremella fuciformis strains were obtained from alkali-extracted water-soluble fractions PTF-M38 (from the mycelial form), PTF-Y3 and PTF-Y8 (from the yeast form) of T. fuciformis strains were used to gain some insights into dimorphism study. Their chemical properties and structural features(More)
Melanin produced by Hypoxylon archeri, a companion fungus of Tremella fuciformis, was purified from the submerged culture medium and designated as HM. Ultraviolet-visible and FTIR spectra of the purified HM showed significant similarities with those of the synthesized melanin derived from tyrosine. Thus, the HM melanin was identified to be derived from the(More)
Proteins are subjected to modification by reactive oxygen species (ROS), and oxidation of specific amino acid residues can impair their biological functions. Methionine as a sulfur-containing amino acid is easily oxidized to methionine sulfoxide (MetSO). The modified methionine can be repaired by methionine sulfoxide reductase (Msr), an enzyme that reverses(More)
BACKGROUND Robust malaria vector surveillance is essential for optimally selecting and targeting vector control measures. Sixty-two vector surveillance sites were established between 2005 and 2008 by the national malaria surveillance program in China to measure Anopheles sinensis human biting rates. Using these data to determine the primary ecological(More)