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BACKGROUND The standard adjuvant treatment of colon cancer is fluorouracil plus leucovorin (FL). Oxaliplatin improves the efficacy of this combination in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. We evaluated the efficacy of treatment with FL plus oxaliplatin in the postoperative adjuvant setting. METHODS We randomly assigned 2246 patients who had(More)
PURPOSE In metastatic colorectal cancer, phase III studies have demonstrated the superiority of fluorouracil (FU) with leucovorin (LV) in combination with irinotecan or oxaliplatin over FU + LV alone. This phase III study investigated two sequences: folinic acid, FU, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI) followed by folinic acid, FU, and oxaliplatin (FOLFOX6; arm A),(More)
PURPOSE In a previous study of treatment for advanced colorectal cancer, the LV5FU2 regimen, comprising leucovorin (LV) plus bolus and infusional fluorouracil (5FU) every 2 weeks, was superior to the standard North Central Cancer Treatment Group/Mayo Clinic 5-day bolus 5FU/LV regimen. This phase III study investigated the effect of combining oxaliplatin(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of an oxaliplatin, fluorouracil (5-FU), and folinic acid (FA) combination in patients with metastatic or advanced gastric cancer (M/AGC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Of the 54 eligible patients with measurable or assessable M/AGC, 53 received oxaliplatin 100 mg/m(2) and FA 400 mg/m(2) (2-hour intravenous infusion)(More)
PURPOSE Three-year disease-free survival (DFS) was significantly improved in patients who had undergone resection with curative intent for stage II or III colon cancer who received bolus plus continuous-infusion fluorouracil plus leucovorin (LV5FU2) with the addition of oxaliplatin (FOLFOX4). Final results of the study, including 6-year overall survival(More)
PURPOSE This multicenter study compared the therapeutic ratio of a monthly schedule of low-dose leucovorin (LV) and fluorouracil (5-FU) bolus with a bimonthly schedule of high-dose LV and 5-FU bolus plus continuous infusion in patients with advanced colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Of the 448 patients randomly assigned to treatment, 433 were(More)
PURPOSE In metastatic colorectal cancer, a combination of leucovorin (LV) and fluorouracil (FU) with oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) 4 is a standard first-line regimen. The cumulative neurotoxicity of oxaliplatin often requires therapy to be stopped in patients who are still responding. This study evaluates a new strategy of intermittent oxaliplatin treatment that is(More)
PURPOSE Gemcitabine (Gem) is the standard treatment for advanced pancreatic cancer. Given the promising phase II results obtained with the Gem-oxaliplatin (GemOx) combination, we conducted a phase III study comparing GemOx with Gem alone in advanced pancreatic cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with advanced pancreatic cancer were stratified according(More)
PURPOSE A traditional end point for colon adjuvant clinical trials is overall survival (OS), with 5 years demonstrating adequate follow-up. A shorter-term end point providing convincing evidence to allow treatment comparisons could significantly speed the translation of advances into practice. METHODS Individual patient data were pooled from 18 randomized(More)
CPT-11 (irinotecan) has shown activity in patients with advanced colorectal cancer resistant to leucovorin (LV) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). In this study, the simplified bimonthly LV-5-FU regimen was combined with CPT-11 (FOLFIRI) as third-line therapy for patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Continuous infusion of 5-FU was administered with disposable(More)