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OBJECTIVE Our objective was to examine the effects of exercise training (EXS) on quality of life (QoL) in highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-treated HIV-positive (HIV+) subjects with body fat redistribution (BFR) in Rwanda. METHODS The effects of a randomised controlled trial of EXS on QoL were measured using World Health Organisation Quality of(More)
BACKGROUND The ratio between the length of the 2nd or index finger and the 4th or ring finger (2D:4D) differs between the sexes, such that males have lower 2D:4D than females, and shows considerable ethnic differences, with low values found in Black populations. It has been suggested that the sex difference in 2D:4D arises early in development and that(More)
OBJECTIVE This study measured the prevalence of lipodystrophy and the metabolic effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in HIV-infected African subjects. METHODS Prevalence was measured in 571 Rwandans receiving HAART for > or = 6 months. Metabolic variables were measured in 100 HIV-positive adults with lipodystrophy, 50 HIV-positive(More)
This study compared the level of CD4 count, viral load and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between treatment-naïve AIDS patients and a cohort of people living with HIV who have been on treatment for 12 months. This study is based on a secondary data analysis of the records of 642 people with HIV consisting of 311 treatment-naïve AIDS patients and 331(More)
As HAART becomes more accessible in sub-Saharan Africa, metabolic syndromes, body fat redistribution (BFR), and cardiovascular disease may become more prevalent. We conducted a 6-month, randomized controlled trial to test whether cardiorespiratory exercise training (CET), improves metabolic, body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness parameters in(More)
AIMS The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) potentially causes a significant encephalopathy and resultant developmental delay in infected children. The aim of this study was to determine whether a home-based intervention programme could have an impact on the neurodevelopmental status of children infected with HIV. METHOD A longitudinal, randomized,(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma is a common childhood illness, with a prevalence of 1 in 10 children. Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) is a common feature of asthma and is found more often in children than in adults. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence and potential impact of various factors on the prevalence of EIB in Thokoza schoolchildren. METHODS Data were(More)
BACKGROUND The introduction of HAART has initially improved the quality of life (QoL) of HIV-positive (HIV+) patients, however body fat redistribution (BFR) and metabolic disorders associated with long-term HAART use may attenuate this improvement. As access to treatment improves in sub-Saharan Africa, the disfiguring nature of BFR (peripheral atrophy(More)
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) short-version checklist was used to assess the impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions experienced by a sample of HIV-positive in-patients admitted to Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa. Laboratory tests, observation and review of(More)
AIM The effectiveness of the support of a healthcare practitioner and a family member in producing changes in cardiovascular risk factor modification was tested in a randomised, controlled trial in patients with hypertension. METHODS The primary outcome measured after the 24-week intervention was blood pressure change. Secondary outcomes included(More)