Aimee Gauthier

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As domestic animals such as cat, horse, and dog increasingly become the clinical targets for drug discovery programs, the need to understand how these animals metabolize xenobiotics becomes more important. In the present study, substrates and inhibitors that were reported to be selective for particular P450 isozymes were used as probes to study in vitro(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and hyperinflation of the lungs, dysfunction of the diaphragm may contribute to respiratory decompensation. We evaluated the contractile function of the diaphragm in well-nourished patients with stable COPD, using supramaximal, bilateral phrenic-nerve stimulation, which provides(More)
We evaluated the effect of global inspiratory muscle fatigue (GF) on respiratory muscle control during exercise at 30, 60, and 90% of maximal power output in normal subjects. Fatigue was induced by breathing against a high inspiratory resistance until exhaustion. Esophageal and gastric pressures, anteroposterior displacement of the rib cage and abdomen,(More)
The relative invasiveness of the balloon catheter technique in measuring twitch transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdit) limits its clinical use. By phrenic stimulation we obtained swings in mouth pressure (Pmt) in six COPD patients (age 50 to 72, FEV1 18 to 48% of predicted) at relaxed FRC (rFRC) and during graded inspiratory efforts (IE; twitch occlusion, TO).(More)
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common human sarcoma. Most of the data available on GISTs derive from retrospective studies of patients referred to oncology centers. The MolecGIST study sought to determine and correlate clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of GISTs. Tumor samples and clinical records were prospectively(More)
We evaluated the effect of global inspiratory muscle fatigue on ventilation and respiratory muscle control during CO2 rebreathing in normal subjects. Fatigue was induced by breathing against a high inspiratory resistance until exhaustion. CO2 response curves were measured before and after fatigue. During CO2 rebreathing, global fatigue caused a decreased(More)
The ability of the diaphragm to generate pressures at different lung volumes (VLs) in humans may be determined by the following factors: 1) its in vivo three-dimensional shape, radius of curvature, and tension according to Laplace law; 2) the relative degree to which it is apposed to the rib cage (i.e., zone of apposition) and lungs (i.e., diaphragm dome);(More)
The therapeutic approach to the management of corrosive burns of the upper gastrointestinal tract leaves a considerable morbidity and a heavy mortality rate. This work evaluates the effectiveness of a new therapeutic approach given to 94 consecutive patients. The management has been based on three major points: (1) the definition of extent of upper(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe our experience of treating severe corrosive burns of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract. DESIGN Open study. SETTING Teaching hospital, France. SUBJECTS 18 patients who had swallowed an alkaline substance (caustic soda in 10 cases) and 4 who had swallowed either hydrochloric or sulphuric acid. INTERVENTIONS Endoscopy was done(More)
The transdiaphragmatic pressure twitches (PdiT) in response to single maximal shocks delivered bilaterally to the phrenic nerves were recorded as a function of lung volume when the diaphragm was fresh and when fatigued. All relationships were linear and negatively sloped (all r greater than 0.85). From these relationships PdiT was found to decrease with(More)