Ailsa Sita-Lumsden

Learn More
Since they were first described in the 1990s, circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have provided an active and rapidly evolving area of current research that has the potential to transform cancer diagnostics and therapeutics. In particular, miRNAs could provide potential new biomarkers for prostate cancer, the most common cause of cancer in UK men. Current(More)
MicroRNAs (miRs) play an important role in the development of many complex human diseases and may have tumour suppressor or oncogenic (oncomir) properties. Prostate cancer is initially an androgen-driven disease, and androgen receptor (AR) remains a key driver of growth even in castration-resistant tumours. However, AR-mediated oncomiR pathways remain to be(More)
Breast cancer (BC) is traditionally viewed as an oestrogen-dependent disease in which the androgen receptor (AR) is inhibitory, counteracting the oncogenic activity of oestrogen receptor α (ERα (ESR1)). Most probably as a result of this crosstalk, the AR has prognostic value in ER-positive disease, with AR positivity reported to correlate with a better(More)
Prostate cancers (PCs), initially responsive to anti-androgen therapies, often advance to a hormone-refractory ‘castrate-resistant’ PC (CRPC) stage. However, the androgen receptor (AR) pathway remains active and key for cell growth and gene expression within tumours, even in the apparent absence of hormone. Proposed mechanisms to explain progression,(More)
Prostate cancer, the most common cancer of western men, requires new biomarkers, especially given that the benefits of PSA testing remain uncertain. Nucleic acids can now be accurately and sensitively detected in human blood. Over the last decade, investigations into utility of circulating cell-free miRNA, DNA and mRNA as novel biomarkers have expanded(More)
Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (pNETs) are relatively rare and generally felt to follow an indolent course. But poorly differentiated tumours can behave aggressively with 5-year survival ranging from 31% to 48%. Recent data suggest that patients with pNETs may derive benefit from treatment targeting the molecular changes expressed in this tumour group.(More)
Highly abundant in cells, microRNAs (or miRs) play a key role as regulators of gene expression. A proportion of them are also detectable in biofluids making them ideal noninvasive biomarkers for pathologies in which miR levels are aberrantly expressed, such as cancer. Peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) are engineered uncharged oligonucleotide analogues capable of(More)
  • 1