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We describe in this chapter the use of oligonucleotide or peptide microarrays (arrays) based on microfluidic chips. Specifically, three major applications are presented: (1) microRNA/small RNA detection using a microRNA detection chip, (2) protein binding and function analysis using epitope, kinase substrate, or phosphopeptide chips, and (3) protein-binding(More)
Large DNA constructs of arbitrary sequences can currently be assembled with relative ease by joining short synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (oligonucleotides). The ability to mass produce these synthetic genes readily will have a significant impact on research in biology and medicine. Presently, high-throughput gene synthesis is unlikely, due to the limits(More)
Phosphoprotein-binding domains (PPBDs) mediate many important cellular and molecular processes. Ten PPBDs have been known to exist in the human proteome, namely, 14-3-3, BRCT, C2, FHA, MH2, PBD, PTB, SH2, WD-40 and WW. PepCyber:P approximately PEP is a newly constructed database specialized in documenting human PPBD-containing proteins and PPBD-mediated(More)
Ligand modification and receptor site-directed mutagenesis were used to examine binding of the competitive antagonist, d-tubocurarine (dTC), to the muscle-type nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR). By using various dTC analogs, we measured the interactions of specific dTC functional groups with amino acid positions in the AChR gamma-subunit. Because data(More)
A main objective of analyzing peptide array-based binding experiments is to uncover the relationship between a peptide sequence and the binding outcome. Limited by the peptide array technologies available for applications, few attempts have been made to construct qualitative or quantitative models that depict the peptide sequence:binding strength(More)
We have designed and fabricated a microfluidic reactor array device for massively parallel in-situ synthesis of oligonucleotides (oDNA). The device is made of glass anodically bonded to silicon consisting of three level features: microreactors, microchannels and through inlet/outlet holes. Main challenges in the design of this device include preventing(More)
Peptide microarrays (peptide arrays) have increasingly become an important research tool for studying protein detection, profiling, and protein-protein interactions, and they have the potential to foster high-throughput protein analysis as DNA arrays did for genomics research a decade ago. Recently, technologies have emerged that allow flexible synthesis of(More)
The architecture of cellular proteins connected to form signaling pathways in response to internal and external cues is much more complex than a group of simple protein-protein interactions. Post translational modifications on proteins (e.g., phosphorylation of serine, threonine and tyrosine residues on proteins) initiate many downstream signaling events(More)
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