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IFN-gamma is an important Th1 proinflammatory cytokine and has a paradoxical effect on EAE in which disease susceptibility is unexpectedly heightened in IFN-gamma-deficient mice. In this study, we provide what we believe is new evidence indicating that IFN-gamma is critically required for the conversion of CD4+ CD25- T cells to CD4+ Tregs during EAE. In our(More)
Embryonic stem cells were isolated from rabbit blastocysts derived from fertilization (conventional rbES cells), parthenogenesis (pES cells) and nuclear transfer (ntES cells), and propagated in a serum-free culture system. Rabbit ES (rbES) cells proliferated for a prolonged time in an undifferentiated state and maintained a normal karyotype. These cells(More)
Neural progenitor cell (NPC) therapy is considered a promising treatment modality for multiple sclerosis (MS), potentially acting through neural repair. Here, we showed that intravenous administration of NPCs ameliorated experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) by selectively inhibiting pathogenic T helper 17 (Th17) cell differentiation. Leukemia(More)
To solve the problem of immune incompatibility, nuclear transplantation has been envisaged as a means to produce cells or tissues for human autologous transplantation. Here we have derived embryonic stem cells by the transfer of human somatic nuclei into rabbit oocytes. The number of blastocysts that developed from the fused nuclear transfer was comparable(More)
T cell activation and function are critically regulated by positive and negative costimulatory molecules. Aberrant expression and function of costimulatory molecules have been associated with persistent activation of self-reactive T cells in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, initial analysis of costimulatory molecules led(More)
Interleukin-7 receptor (IL-7R) is genetically associated with susceptibility to multiple sclerosis. Here we describe that IL-7 is essential for survival and expansion of pathogenic T helper type 17 (T(H)17) cells in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). IL-7 directly expanded effector T(H)17 cells in EAE and human T(H)17 cells from subjects with(More)
Chronic activity of hepatitis B is thought to involve aberrant immune tolerance of unknown mechanism. In this study, we examined the role of CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells in disease activity and viral clearance in hepatitis B. Patients with chronic active hepatitis B (CAH) and asymptomatic HBV carriers (AsC) exhibited a significantly high(More)
Ethyl 2-[4-(12-beta-artemisininoxy)]phenoxylpropionate (SM933) is a novel derivative of artemisinin, an herbal compound approved for the treatment of malaria. In this study, we show that SM933 has unique anti-inflammatory properties through regulation of signaling pathways, leading to amelioration of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. The(More)
To determine the possible involvement of neutrophils in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), we examined their infiltration pattern during the course of MOG35–55-induced EAE in the C57BL/6 mice. Using immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry, we found that the number of neutrophils was significantly increased during onset of(More)
The exact role of adult thymus in autoimmune disease state is poorly understood. We show here that thymus regulated experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model for multiple sclerosis, as evidenced by loss of spontaneous recovery in thymectomized EAE mice. There was progressive enrichment for CD4 single-positive Foxp3(+) regulatory T(More)