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RATIONALE Cough is one of the principal symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but the potential drivers of cough are likely to be multifactorial and poorly understood. OBJECTIVES To quantify cough frequency in an unselected group of subjects with COPD and investigate the relationships between cough, reported sputum production, smoking,(More)
BACKGROUND It is hypothesized that a CXCR2 receptor antagonist would inhibit the recruitment and activation of neutrophils and other inflammatory cells into the lung in subjects with cystic fibrosis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety, tolerability and pharmacodynamics of SB-656933, an oral CXCR2 antagonist. METHODS 146 adult CF(More)
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT Receptor antagonists that block the binding of chemokines such as CXCL8 (IL-8) are effective in animals models of neutrophil-mediated inflammation. It has been hypothesized that selective inhibition of neutrophil trafficking and activation may be a useful adjunct for the treatment of inflammatory airway diseases such(More)
BACKGROUND Adenosine and related purines have established roles in inflammation, and elevated airway concentrations are predicted in patients with COPD. However, accurate airway surface purine measurements can be confounded by stimulation of purine release during collection of typical respiratory samples. METHODS Airway samples were collected(More)
UNLABELLED GSK256066 is a selective phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor that can be given by inhalation, minimising the potential for side effects. We evaluated the effects of GSK256066 on airway responses to allergen challenge in mild asthmatics. METHODS In a randomised, double blind, cross-over study, 24 steroid naive atopic asthmatics with both early (EAR)(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibition of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) represents an approach to anti-inflammatory therapy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). GSK256066 is a potent and selective inhaled PDE4 inhibitor. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and tolerability of 28 days repeat inhaled dosing with GSK256066 in moderate COPD. METHODS(More)
AIMS Endothelial-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic acids may regulate vascular tone and are metabolized by soluble epoxide hydrolase enzymes (sEH). GSK2256294 is a potent and selective sEH inhibitor that was tested in two phase I studies. METHODS Single escalating doses of GSK2256294 2-20 mg or placebo were administered in a randomized crossover design to(More)
OBJECTIVES There are no current pharmacological therapies for the prevention or treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Early dysregulated inflammation likely plays a role in acute respiratory distress syndrome development and possibly acute respiratory distress syndrome outcomes. p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase is central to the regulation(More)
AIM Characterization of the biliary disposition of GSK1325756, using a non-invasive bile sampling technique and spectrometric analyses, to inform the major routes of metabolic elimination and to enable an assessment of victim drug interaction risk. METHOD Sixteen healthy, elderly subjects underwent non-invasive bile capture using a peroral string device(More)
Danirixin (GSK1325756) is a small, high-affinity, selective and reversible CXCR2 antagonist in development for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The objective of the study was to evaluate the relative bioavailability, including the inter-subject variability, of a conventional immediate-release (IR) formulation and two prototype bioenhanced(More)