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Physiological cardiac hypertrophy is associated with mitochondrial adaptations that are characterized by activation of PGC-1alpha and increased fatty acid oxidative (FAO) capacity. It is widely accepted that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling to Akt1 is required for physiological cardiac growth. However, the signaling pathways that coordinate(More)
B cell-activating factor (BAFF) has been proposed to be a regulator of B cell and T cell immune responses and be associated with inflammatory processes in autoimmunity and B cell malignancies. No study has reported the role of BAFF in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The purpose of this study was to investigate expression and concentrations of BAFF in IBD(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER) in ovariectomy-induced osteoporotic fracture was reported to exhibit delayed expression. Mechanical stimulation enhanced ER-α expression in osteoporotic fracture callus at the tissue level. ER was also found to be required for the effectiveness of vibrational mechanical stimulation treatment in osteoporotic fracture healing. Estrogen(More)
Background. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) remains the first-line diagnostic in management of thyroid nodules and reduces unnecessary surgeries. However, it is still challenging since cytological results are not always straightforward. This study aimed to examine the results of thyroid FNA using the Bethesda system for reporting thyroid cytopathology (TBSRTC)(More)
Sustained Akt activation induces cardiac hypertrophy (LVH), which may lead to heart failure. This study tested the hypothesis that Akt activation contributes to mitochondrial dysfunction in pathological LVH. Akt activation induced LVH and progressive repression of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (FAO) pathways. Preventing LVH by inhibiting mTOR failed to(More)
It is well known that zinc (Zn(2+)) is required for the process of insulin biosynthesis and the maturation of insulin secretory granules in pancreatic beta (β)-cells, and that changes in Zn(2+) levels in the pancreas have been found to be associated with diabetes. Glucose-stimulation causes a rapid co-secretion of Zn(2+) and insulin with similar kinetics.(More)
BACKGROUND Protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1) is widely distributed in platelets and involved in coagulation cascade activated by thrombin. In this study, we intend to explore the role of PAR-1 in the process of thrombin-inducing transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) to promote airway remodeling in ovalbumin (OVA)-allergic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) plays a critical role in adult brain injury repair including neurogenesis and vasculogenesis. However, the effects of recombinant SDF-1(rSDF-1) treatment on hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury in neonatal mice are not clear. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seven-day-old (P7) C57BL/6J mice were divided into sham group,(More)
In this issue of Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, Barnard and colleagues evaluate the use of the ACCU-CHEK® Aviva Expert blood glucose meter/bolus advisor system in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Hypoglycemia is a major limiting factor to intensive glucose control, and fear of hypoglycemia, especially in those who have experienced severe(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical studies suggest that short-term insulin treatment in new-onset type 2 diabetes (T2DM) can promote prolonged glycemic control. The purpose of this study was to establish an animal model to examine such a "legacy" effect of early insulin therapy (EIT) in long-term glycemic control in new-onset T2DM. The objective of the study was to(More)