Aileen X. Wang

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Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity is tightly regulated by posttranscriptional modification and its subcellular localization. Here we examined whether insulin modulates nitric oxide (NO) production by regulating eNOS subcellular localization. We used confocal microscopy and immunoblots to examine the time course for 1) subcellular(More)
Telomere seeding, the formation of artificial telomeres, has been routinely successful in immortalized but not normal human cells. We compared seeding efficiencies in preimmortal and immortal SV40-transformed cells using plasmid telomeres with T(2)AG(3) tracts of 1600 and 3200 bp. Seeding occurred only in immortal cells, indicating that transformed(More)
As insulin's movement from plasma to muscle interstitium is rate limiting for its metabolic action, defining the regulation of this movement is critical. Here, we address whether caveolin-1 is required for the first step of insulin's transendothelial transport, its uptake by vascular endothelial cells (ECs), and whether IL-6 and TNFα affect insulin uptake(More)
OBJECTIVE In vivo evidence suggests that insulin entry into skeletal muscle is rate limiting for its overall metabolic action. Although there has been controversy regarding whether insulin crosses the endothelium by a passive (transcellular or paracellular) or mediated process, accumulating data favor the latter. Here, we addressed whether insulin signaling(More)
A novel class of functional ligands for the human glucocorticoid receptor is described. Substituents in the C-10 position of the tetracyclic core are essential for glucocorticoid receptor (GR) selectivity versus other steroid receptors. The C-5 position is derivatized with meta-substituted aromatic groups, resulting in analogues with a high affinity for GR(More)
As insulin entry into muscle interstitium is rate-limiting for its overall peripheral action, defining the route and regulation of its entry is critical. Caveolin-1 is required for caveola formation in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) and for EC insulin uptake. Whether this requirement reflects simply the need for caveola availability or involves a more(More)
A series of novel pyrazole carboxamides is disclosed that demonstrate strong immunosuppressant activity in rodent and human mixed leukocyte response (MLR) assays (IC50 < 1 microM). The synthesis, biological activity, mode of action, and pharmacokinetic properties of this new lead series are discussed.
Insulin resistance strongly associates with decreased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and endothelial dysfunction. In the vasculature, NO mediates multiple processes that affect insulin delivery, including dilating both resistance and terminal arterioles in skeletal muscle in vivo. However, whether NO directly regulates vascular endothelial cell (EC)(More)
Escherichia coli was used to overexpress the large cytoplasmic loop of the rat Na,K-ATPase. A 1260-base DNA segment encoding Lys354-Lys774 of the rat alpha1-subunit was constructed via polymerase chain reaction. The polymerase chain reaction product was successfully subcloned into the expression vector pET-28 (Novagen), which produces an N-terminal(More)
Insulin's trans-endothelial transport (TET) is critical for its metabolic action on muscle and involves trafficking of insulin bound to its receptor (or at high insulin concentrations, the IGF-I receptor) via caveolae. However, whether caveolae-mediated insulin TET involves actin cytoskeleton organization is unknown. Here we address whether insulin(More)