Aileen M Houston

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The role of complement in mediating oligodendrocyte and myelin injury has been investigated by studying the effects of normal adult rat serum on syngeneic cultured neonatal glial cells. Rat serum has cytotoxic activity directed against oligodendrocytes but not astrocytes, the potency of which increases with cell maturation. The effects of heat inactivation,(More)
Many cancers express Fas ligand (FasL/CD95L) in vivo, and can kill lymphoid cells by Fas-mediated apoptosis in vitro. However, overexpression of recombinant FasL in murine tumour allografts revealed a potential antitumour effect of FasL, via recruitment of neutrophils. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) could inhibit these neutrophil-stimulatory(More)
More microbes are resident in the distal colon than any other part of the body, and this microbiota has the capacity to influence enteric nerve development, excitability, and gastrointestinal function. Germ-free (GF) mice are a valuable tool in interrogating the communication between microbiota and host. Despite the intimate relationship which exists(More)
Fas, also known as CD95 or APO-1, is a member of the tumor necrosis factor/nerve growth factor superfamily. Although best characterized in terms of its apoptotic function, recent studies have identified several other cellular responses emanating from Fas. These responses include migration, invasion, inflammation, and proliferation. In this review, we focus(More)
BACKGROUND During carcinogenesis, tumors develop multiple mechanisms for evading the immune response, including upregulation of Fas ligand (FasL/CD95L) expression. Expression of FasL may help to maintain tumor cells in a state of immune privilege by inducing apoptosis of anti-tumor immune effector cells. Recently this idea has been challenged by studies(More)
Fas ligand (FasL/CD95L) is a member of the tumour necrosis factor superfamily that triggers apoptosis following crosslinking of the Fas receptor. Despite studies strongly implicating tumour-expressed FasL as a major inhibitor of the anti-tumour immune response, little is known about the mechanisms that regulate FasL expression in tumours. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the importance of inflammation in cancer, the role of the cytokine IL-33, and its receptor ST2, in colon cancer is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of IL-33, and its receptor isoforms (ST2 and ST2L), in colon cancer. METHODS Serum levels of IL-33 and sST2 were determined with ELISA. ST2 and IL-33 expression was(More)
Viral double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) is recognised by pathogen recognition receptors such as Toll-Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) and retinoic acid inducible gene-I (RIG-I), and results in cytokine and interferon production. Fas, a well characterised death receptor, has recently been shown to play a role in the inflammatory response. In this study we investigated the(More)
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