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1. The pharmacological sensitivities and physiological contributions of two types of Ca2(+)-activated K+ channels (BK and SK) in GH3 cells were examined by the outside-out, whole-cell and cell-attached modes of the patch-clamp technique. 2. BK channels (250-300 pS in symmetrical 150 mM-K+) in outside-out patches were blocked by external tetraethylammonium(More)
1. The role of action potentials in adrenaline secretion was investigated in the rat adrenal medulla. The effects of various treatments on adrenaline secretion from the perfused adrenal medulla were compared with the effects of similar treatments on spike frequency in dissociated adrenal chromaffin cells. 2. KCl concentrations between 10 and 20 mM increased(More)
The goal of the present study was to determine if voltage-sensitive calcium channels are present in bovine aortic endothelial cell plasmalemma and if they contribute to the rise in cytosolic calcium produced by bradykinin. After bradykinin (100 nM) exposure, endothelial cell associated fura-2 fluorescence peaked within 10-20 seconds and then declined to a(More)
Single Ca2+-activated K+ channels were studied in membrane patches from the GH3 anterior pituitary cell line. In excised inside-out patches exposed to symmetrical 150 mM KCl, two channel types with conductances in the ranges of 250–300 pS and 9–14 pS were routinely observed. The activity of the large conductance channel is enhanced by internal Ca2+ and by(More)
1. The single 'giga-seal' patch-electrode technique (Hamill, Marty, Neher, Sakmann & Sigworth, 1981) was used to record whole-cell currents in the GH3 rat anterior pituitary cell line. 2. GH3 cells have a rapidly inactivating, voltage-dependent K+ current that is selectively inhibited by 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) but not by tetraethylammonium chloride (TEA).(More)
1. The perforated-patch-clamp technique was used to identify an inwardly rectifying K+ current (IK(IR)) in cultured rat anterior pituitary cells highly enriched in corticotropes. IK(IR) was rapidly activating and highly selective for K+. The K+ conductance was approximately proportional to the square root of the extracellular K+ concentration. 2. IK(IR) was(More)
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) stimulates ACTH secretion from anterior pituitary corticotropes, largely, but possibly not exclusively, via activation of the adenylyl cyclase cascade. CRH stimulates secretion by increasing Ca(2+) influx and by Ca(2+)-independent mechanisms. As Ca(2+) influx is largely regulated by membrane electrical properties, we(More)
1. The pathways for Ca entry during stimulus-secretion coupling were studied by measuring carbamylcholine and KCl activated dopamine (DA) release from PC12, a clonal cell line originated from a rat pheochromocytoma. Various conditions were used to establish the existence of two independent pathways for Ca entry, i.e. a voltage dependent Ca channel and the(More)
Bradykinin (BK)-stimulated release of endothelium-derived relaxing factor has been linked to a rise in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration and a change of K+ permeability of the endothelial cell. In the present study, measurement of BK-induced changes in fura-2 fluorescence and 86Rb+ efflux were used to monitor changes in cytosolic Ca2+ and K+ permeability in(More)
Membrane properties of rat and chick myotubes in various stages of development were studied. Resting membrane potentials (Em) increased from -8 to -55 mV in both rat and chick as the myotubes developed from myoblasts to large multinucleated fibers. In the rat myotubes, this increase was not accompanied by significant changes in specific membrane resistivity(More)