Aila Paganus

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The most demanding patient population on peritoneal dialysis (PD) consists of children under 2 years of age. Their growth is inferior to that of older children and maintaining euvolemia is difficult, especially in anuric patients. In this prospective study reported here, we enrolled 21 patients <2 years of age (mean 0.59 years) at onset of PD and monitored(More)
The nutritional status of children with cow's milk allergy was followed during an elimination diet in 19 children (9 boys and 10 girls) beginning at the mean age of two years (range 0.6-4.1 years). The cow's milk allergy had been verified in hospital by a challenge test at a mean age of 0.9 years (range 0.2-1.9 years). Weight, height and laboratory indices(More)
AIM Children with motor disabilities are at increased risk of compromised bone health due to impaired weight bearing. Poor nutritional status may be an additional risk factor. The aim of this study was to evaluate energy and nutrient intakes in children with motor disability. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty-four children with motor disability (cerebral palsy(More)
Gas chromatography has been applied for the analysis of organochlorine compounds of 49 samples of human milk. The average total DDT (2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)1,1,1-trichloroethane) content in human milk was found to be 0.058 mg/kg (1.57 mg/kg milk fat, with a range of 0.54-4.00 mg/kg). Thirty-four cases contained traces of dieldrin, but the content of(More)
This randomized cross-over study evaluates the effects of extended, guar and guar + fructose diets on the metabolic balance of children with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). We studied 22 children; mean age 12.2 years, mean duration of diabetes 4.4 years. The diet was supplement for three weeks with guar in palatable form (5% of daily(More)
This cross-over study evaluates the effect of long-term guar gum (G) and guar gum-fructose (GF) diet on the diabetes balance in children with IDDM. We studied 22 children aged 8.9-15.9 years with a mean duration of diabetes of 4.4 (0.7-14.8) years. All were on 2 daily insulin injections. The diet was supplemented for 3 weeks with G, (5% of daily(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the long-term clinical course of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) deficiency, caused by the c.1364A>C (p.K455T) mutation, and the carrier frequency of this mutation in Finland. STUDY DESIGN This was a long-term follow-up of patients in whom the common mutation was detected. RESULTS Between 1999 and 2010, 6 cases of CPT1A(More)
BACKGROUND Infants with cow milk allergy (CMA) are reported to have reduced growth and special nutritional needs. OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to compare nutrient intake, nutritional status, and growth in infants with CMA who were fed either a soy formula or an extensively hydrolyzed whey formula. DESIGN The study group comprised 168(More)
Alphacalcidol oral pulse therapy was given for secondary hyperparathyroidism to 22 children (mean age of 5.6 years) with renal insufficiency. At the beginning of the study, the glomerular filtration rate was <50% of normal, serum intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) was >100 ng/l and the serum phosphate and calcium concentrations were within the normal range.(More)