Aiko Moriwaki

Learn More
The accumulation of calcium ions (Ca) was examined in the rat brain by means of 45Ca autoradiography following the application of a weak anodal direct current to the surface of the sensorimotor cortex. Repetition of the anodal polarization with 3.0 microA for 30 min caused more Ca to accumulate in the cerebral cortex. The degree and extent of accumulation(More)
mu-Opioid receptors and their endogenous ligands, including Leu5-enkephalin (LE), are distributed abundantly in the nucleus accumbens (NAC), a region implicated in mechanisms of opiate reinforcement. We used immunoperoxidase and/or immunogold-silver methods to define ultrastructural sites for functions ascribed to mu-opioid receptors and potential sites for(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent epidemiologic studies worldwide have documented a rise in prevalence rates for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Broadening of diagnostic criteria for ASD may be a major contributor to the rise in prevalence, particularly if superimposed on an underlying continuous distribution of autistic traits. This study sought to determine the nature of(More)
Kainate is a potent agonist of an excitatory amino acid receptor subtype in the central nervous system, and causes neuronal death in several regions of the brain. Neurons are preferentially killed in the hippocampus, especially in the CA1 region, by systemic administration of kainate. It is speculated that functional alterations occur in the neurons(More)
The activation of mu-opioid receptors in the nucleus accumbens (Acb) produces changes in locomotor and rewarding responses that are believed to involve neurons, including local gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurons. We combined immunogold-silver detection of an antipeptide antiserum against the cloned mu-opioid receptor (MOR) and immunoperoxidase(More)
Cyclic AMP accumulation elicited by adenosine was investigated in cortical slices of rats following the application of a weak anodal direct current (anodal polarization) to the unilateral sensorimotor cortex. Anodal polarization with 3.0 microA for 30 min caused an increase in the adenosine-elicited accumulation of cyclic AMP in the polarized cortex, in(More)
Physiological studies have indicated that agonists at the mu-opioid receptor (mu OR), such as morphine or the endogenous peptide methionine5-enkephalin, can markedly decrease the spontaneous activity of noradrenergic neurons in the locus coeruleus (LC). Messenger RNA and protein for mu OR are also densely expressed by LC neurons. During opiate withdrawal,(More)
We have recently shown, by using immunoelectron microscopy, that the mu-opioid receptor (mu OR) is prominently distributed within noradrenergic perikarya and dendrites of the nucleus locus coeruleus (LC), many of which receive excitatory-type (i.e., asymmetric) synaptic contacts from unlabeled axon terminals. To characterize further the neurotransmitter(More)
Many motor effects of opiates acting at mu-opioid receptors are thought to reflect functional interactions with dopaminergic inputs to the caudate-putamen nucleus. We examined the cellular and subcellular bases for this interaction in the rat caudate-putamen nucleus by dual immunocytochemical labelling for mu-opioid receptors and tyrosine hydroxylase, a(More)
The present study examined the relationship between common somatic symptoms and depression in samples of Japanese and American college students. Fifty Japanese and 44 American women completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and rated 56 somatic-distress items for 7 days. Japanese had higher levels of somatic distress than Americans. ANOVA of somatic(More)