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Activated carbons were prepared from pistachio-nut shells, which are one type of lignocellulosic material, by a two-step physical method. The effects of the preparation variables on the activated carbon pore structure were studied, followed by the optimization of these operating parameters. It was found that the activation temperature and dwell time are the(More)
This study reports on a facile and economical method for the scalable continuous synthesis of graphene sheets by the thermocatalytic decomposition of methane using a unique and novel unsupported catalyst of iron particles. Single-layered and few-layered graphene sheets were continuously synthesized by the isothermal decomposition reaction of methane over a(More)
The effect of activation temperature on the textural and chemical properties of activated carbons prepared from pistachio-nut shells by potassium hydroxide activation was studied. Relatively high activation temperature was required to develop high porosities. However, too high an activation temperature resulted in the burn-off of the carbon structures and(More)
Developing cost-effective and efficient hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalysts for hydrogen production is of paramount importance to attain a sustainable energy future. Reported herein is a novel three-dimensional hierarchical architectured electrocatalyst, consisting of platinum-copper-nickel nanoparticles-decorated carbon nanofiber arrays,(More)
Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from palm shell, a carbonaceous agricultural solid waste, by potassium hydroxide treatment at different stages were studied. The effects of activation temperature and chemical to sample ratio on the characteristics of the activated carbon were investigated. Fixed-bed adsorption of sulfur dioxide (SO(2))(More)
Adsorption of ammonia (NH3) onto activated carbons prepared from palm shells impregnated with sulfuric acid (H2SO4) was investigated. The effects of activation temperature and acid concentration on pore surface area development were studied. The relatively large micropore surface areas of the palm-shell activated carbons prepared by H2SO4 activation suggest(More)
A new type of porous carbon with an interconnected trimodal pore system is synthesized by a nanocasting method using nanoparticulated bimodal micro-mesoporous silica particles as the template. The synthesized template and carbon material are characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), field emission electron scanning microscopy (FESEM) and(More)
Preparation of effective adsorbents from pistachio-nut shells was carried out. Optimization of the vacuum pyrolysis parameters prior to activation was carried out to study the effects of vacuum pyrolysis temperature, hold time, and heating rate on the properties of chars and activated carbons, while CO2 activation conditions were fixed at a temperature of(More)
Textural characterization of activated carbons prepared from palm shell by thermal activation with carbon dioxide (CO(2)) gas is reported in this paper. Palm shell (endocarp) is an abundant agricultural solid waste from palm-oil processing mills in many tropical countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand. The effects of activation temperature on(More)
A new proportional assist ventilation (PAV) method using a proportional solenoid valve (PSV) to control air supply to patients suffering from respiratory disabilities, was studied. The outlet flow and pressure from the proportional solenoid valve at various air supply pressures were tested and proven to be suitable for pressure and flow control in a PAV(More)