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The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is a Na(+) and Ca(2+) permeable ionotropic glutamate receptor that is activated by the coagonists glycine and glutamate. NMDARs are critical to synaptic signaling and plasticity, and their dysfunction has been implicated in a number of neurological disorders, including schizophrenia, depression, and Alzheimer's(More)
A series of novel dipeptidyl boronic acid proteasome inhibitors composed of beta-amino acids were synthesized, in vitro and in vivo biologically evaluated, and theoretically modeled for the first time. From the screened racemic compounds in enzyme, 4i was the most active. The IC(50) value of its pure enantiomer 4q was 9.6 nM, 36-fold more active than its(More)
A three-dimensional pharmacophore model was developed based on 25 currently available inhibitors, which were carefully selected with great diversity in both molecular structure and bioactivity as required by HypoGen program in the Catalyst software, for discovering new farnesyltransferase (FTase) inhibitors. The best hypothesis (Hypo1), consisting of four(More)
Since benzodiazepines have been used widely in the treatment of anxiety, sleeplessness, and epilepsy, the receptor sites for the benzodiazepine are of prime importance. Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) studies and receptor modeling via Flexible Atom Receptor Model (FLARM) for the binding affinities of a series of imidazobenzodiazepines at(More)
A current study shows that sodium dichloroacetate (DCA) can induce cancer cell apoptosis and inhibit tumor growth, but its cytotoxic activity is low (IC(50) > 1000 microM for A549). In this paper, a variety of DCA derivatives were synthesized, and their cytotoxic activities were evaluated. The result showed that the N-phenyl-2,2-dichloroacetamide analogues(More)
A novel series of A-ring modified hexacyclic camptothecin derivatives containing a 1,3-oxazine ring were first designed and synthesized. All of the hexacyclic camptothecins were assayed for in vitro cytotoxicity against nine human cancer cell lines. Among these compounds, 9b and 9c showed most potent cytotoxicity against several cell lines. Particularly, 9c(More)
A series of benzamide derivatives including two scaffolds were designed and synthesized as potential histone deacetylase inhibitors. Most of synthesized compounds showed moderate enzymatic potency at the same order of magnitude, and compound 12b possessed better potency to the positive control (3.8 μM vs 13.0 μM). It also showed a 50-fold increase in vitro(More)
The N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is an ionotropic glutamate receptor, gated by the endogenous coagonists glutamate and glycine, permeable to Ca2+ and Na+. NMDAR dysfunction is associated with numerous neurological and psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, depression, and Alzheimer's disease. Recently, we have disclosed GNE-0723 (1), a(More)
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