Aija Griskevica

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An outbreak of respiratory diphtheria occurred among highly-vaccinated trainees at a Latvian military academy in August-September 2000. We reviewed immunization, clinical and laboratory records and administered a questionnaire to obtain data on exposure factors. Among 207 trainees, 45 (22%) diphtheria cases and 79 (38%) carriers of toxigenic Corynebacterium(More)
After nearly two decades without a diphtheria case in Latvia, the disease reappeared in 1986. From 1990 to 1996, case counts were highest among adults 40-49 years of age, school-aged children, and adolescents. Nonetheless, the average annualized incidence of disease was highest among infants and preschoolers. In August 1995, mass vaccination efforts began(More)
A study was done to measure baseline levels of immunity to diphtheria and antibody responses to different doses of diphtheria vaccine in study participants in the three Baltic states. Diphtheria booster vaccines containing either 3 (Estonia and Lithuania), 6 (Latvia), or 12 (Latvia) limit of flocculation units of diphtheria toxoid were administered to 2315(More)
INTRODUCTION AND METHODS We report 20 patients aged 18-24 years from Latvia with diphtheritic polyneuropathy. All lived in a closed community and 80% were known to have been fully vaccinated against diphtheria until at least 14 years old. Diphtheria antitoxin had been administered within 3 days of the onset of upper respiratory tract infection in 16(More)
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