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We report a 57-year-old woman with multiple system atrophy (MSA) of 15-month duration. The patient developed dysarthria, followed by impaired balance of gait, mild limb ataxia, and saccadic eye movement. A postmortem examination performed after she was found dead in a bathtub revealed neuronal loss restricted to the olivopontocerebellar system, being more(More)
Lewy bodies (LBs) were observed in the giant pyramidal cells of Betz in the motor cortex of a patient with Parkinson's disease (PD) of 8-year duration. The patient had shown typical clinical features of PD. No dementia or pyramidal tract signs had been observed. The LBs, found in 8 of 747 Betz cells counted (1.1%), appeared as homogeneous or laminated,(More)
We report a family of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg)-responsive X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Type 1 (CMT1X) with a novel gap junction protein 1 mutation. Two of three siblings in the family complained of subacute motor and sensory impairment, and their symptoms improved after the administration of IVIg. Additional IVIg treatment also resulted in(More)
The neurotoxic potential of panipenem/betamipron (PAPM/BP), a new carbapenem antibiotic, was compared with that of imipenem/cilastatin (IPM/CS). The drug concentration in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) at the onset of epileptogenic electroencephalographic (EEG)-activity and the drug distribution into the central nervous system (CNS) were evaluated. Epileptogenic(More)
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