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Autophagy is a type of cellular catabolic degradation response to nutrient starvation or metabolic stress. The main function of autophagy is to maintain intracellular metabolic homeostasis through degradation of unfolded or aggregated proteins and organelles. Although autophagic regulation is a complicated process, solid evidence demonstrates that the(More)
Danshensu, as the effective component of Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen), has been widely used in clinic for treatment of cardiovascular diseases in China. In the present study, we aimed to confirm the cardioprotective effect of Danshensu from myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury in vivo, and investigate the potential molecular mechanisms against(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Tibetan medicine get used to use the flowers of Gentiana straminea Maxim. to cure inflammation of stomach and intestines, hepatitis, cholecystitis, etc. The flowers of Gentiana macrophylla Pall. have been traditionally treated as an anti-inflammatory agent to clear heat in Mongolian medicine. In traditional Chinese medicine,(More)
Diabetes is a major health problem worldwide, and metformin, a traditional oral anti-hyperglycemic drug, is now believed to be the most widely prescribed antidiabetic drug. Metformin acts primarily by inhibiting hepatic glucose production and improving insulin sensitivity. Metformin is absorbed predominately by the small intestine and excreted in an(More)
Three new triterpenoid saponins 3, 4 and 5, together with two known saponins, ardisiacrispin B (1) and ardisiacrispin A (2), were isolated from the whole plants of Ardisia pusilla A. DC. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectral analysis and chemical evidence. Compound 3 is a hexaglycoside with a 13,28-epoxyoleanane type aglycone, while both 4(More)
Oxidative stress is well known to play a pivotal role in cerebral ischemia–reperfusion injury. The nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) pathway has been considered a potential target for neuroprotection in stroke. 11-Keto-β-boswellic acid (KBA) is a triterpenoid compound from extracts of Boswellia serrata. The aim of(More)
Stroke is a complex disease involved oxidative stress-related pathways in its pathogenesis. The nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) pathway has been considered a potential target for neuroprotection in stroke. Acetyl-11-Keto-β-Boswellic Acid (AKBA) is an active triterpenoid compound from the extract of Boswellia(More)
A highly sensitive and specific liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of lansoprazole and its metabolites 5'-hydroxy lansoprazole and lansoprazole sulphone. The detection was operated with multiple reaction-monitoring (MRM) using the electrospray(More)
Traditional Chinese medicine uses a systemic treatment approach, targeting multiple etiological factors simultaneously. Danhong injection (DHI), a very popular Chinese medicine injection, is reported to be effective for many cardiovascular conditions. The primary active ingredients of DHI, and their systemic and interrelated mechanism have not been(More)
Four new asterosaponins, novaeguinosides A (1), B (2), C (3), and D (4), were isolated from the bioactive fraction of the starfish Culcita novaeguineae, as active compounds capable of promoting polymerization of tubulin. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic studies and chemical evidence. Compounds 1 and 3 are characterized by sulfated(More)