Aidar R. Gosmanov

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Skeletal muscle Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter (NKCC) activity provides a potential mechanism for regulated K(+) uptake. beta-Adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) activation stimulates skeletal muscle NKCC activity in a MAPK pathway-dependent manner. We examined potential G protein-coupled pathways for beta-AR-stimulated NKCC activity. Inhibition of G(s)-coupled(More)
We compared the effects of high and low oral and intravenous (iv) fat load on blood pressure (BP), endothelial function, autonomic nervous system, and oxidative stress in obese healthy subjects. Thirteen obese subjects randomly received five 8-h infusions of iv saline, 20 (32 g, low iv fat) or 40 ml/h intralipid (64 g, high iv fat), and oral fat load at 32(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that p44/42(MAPK) extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1 and -2-dependent Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) co-transporter (NKCC) activity may contribute to total potassium uptake by skeletal muscle. To study the precise mechanisms regulating NKCC activity, rat soleus and plantaris muscles were stimulated ex vivo by insulin or(More)
Na(+)-K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter (NKCC) activity in quiescent skeletal muscle is modest. However, ex vivo stimulation of muscle for as little as 18 contractions (1 min, 0.3 Hz) dramatically increased the activity of the cotransporter, measured as the bumetanide-sensitive (86)Rb influx, in both soleus and plantaris muscles. This activation of cotransporter(More)
Although a pharmacological dose of insulin produces a dramatic increase in phosphorylation and activity of Akt isoforms 1 and 2 in mammalian skeletal muscle, few studies have examined the effect of physiological concentrations of insulin on the phosphorylation of Akt-1 and -2 in normal and diabetic tissue. This study examined the patterns of(More)
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease in the United States. In the last several years, there have been several new developments in the field of the DKD. In 2007, the National Kidney Foundation and Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative released clinical practice guidelines that included new definitions and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the response to different insulin regimens for management of hyperglycemia in diabetic patients with hematologic malignancies who are receiving dexamethasone. METHODS A retrospective analysis was conducted to determine whether a basal bolus insulin (BBI) regimen with detemir and aspart is superior to a sliding scale regular insulin(More)
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) regardless of diabetes status are at increased risk of hypoglycemia with a resultant array of adverse clinical outcomes. Therefore, hypoglycemia should be thoroughly evaluated in ESRD patients. In diabetic dialysis patients, hypoglycemic agents and nutritional alterations can trigger hypoglycemia in the(More)
BACKGROUND Positive predictive value (PPV) of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) for diagnosis of prediabetes in clinical practice has not been well studied. METHODS In a prospective study, patients diagnosed with prediabetes based on HbA1c (5.7%-6.4%) underwent a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) as the gold standard test to diagnose dysglycemia. Demographics,(More)
OBJECTIVES Hemoglobin A1c levels less than 7.0% and systolic blood pressure (SBP) less than 140 mmHg are each associated with lower risk of vascular complications in patients with diabetes mellitus. Associations between combined A1c level and SBP categories and risk of mortality and morbidity in diabetic patients are not well characterized. METHODS We(More)