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We have determined the DNA sequence of the long unique region (UL) in the genome of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) strain 17. The UL sequence contained 107,943 residues and had a base composition of 66.9% G + C. Together with our previous work, this completes the sequence of HSV-1 DNA, giving a total genome length of 152,260 residues of base(More)
We have determined the complete DNA sequence of the short unique region in the genome of herpes simplex virus type 1, strain 17, and have interpreted it in terms of messenger RNAs and encoded proteins. The sequence contains variable regions whose length differs between DNA clones. The clones used for most of the analysis gave a short unique length of 12,979(More)
The genetic content of wild-type human cytomegalovirus was investigated by sequencing the 235 645 bp genome of a low passage strain (Merlin). Substantial regions of the genome (genes RL1-UL11, UL105-UL112 and UL120-UL150) were also sequenced in several other strains, including two that had not been passaged in cell culture. Comparative analyses, which(More)
The genomic DNA sequence of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) strain HG52 was determined as 154,746 bp with a G+C content of 70.4%. A total of 74 genes encoding distinct proteins was identified; three of these were each present in two copies, within major repeat elements of the genome. The HSV-2 gene set corresponds closely with that of HSV-1, and the(More)
A detailed phylogenetic analysis for mammalian members of the family Herpesviridae, based on molecular sequences is reported. Sets of encoded amino acid sequences were collected for eight well conserved genes that are common to mammalian herpesviruses. Phylogenetic trees were inferred from alignments of these sequence sets using both maximum parsimony and(More)
With the aim of deriving a definitive phylogenetic tree for as many mammalian and avian herpesvirus species as possible, alignments were made of amino acid sequences from eight conserved and ubiquitously present genes of herpesviruses, with 48 virus species each represented by at least one gene. Phylogenetic trees for both single-gene and concatenated(More)
Two novel spliced genes (UL131A and UL128) flanking UL130 were predicted from sequence comparisons between human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and its closest known relative, chimpanzee cytomegalovirus (CCMV), and the splicing patterns were confirmed by mRNA mapping experiments. Both genes were transcribed with late kinetics and shared a polyadenylation site.(More)
The gene complement of wild-type human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is incompletely understood, on account of the size and complexity of the viral genome and because laboratory strains have undergone deletions and rearrangements during adaptation to growth in culture. We have determined the sequence (241 087 bp) of chimpanzee cytomegalovirus (CCMV) and have(More)
We report the complete DNA sequence of the short repeat region in the genome of herpes simplex virus type 1, as 6633 base pairs of composition 79.5% G+C. This contains immediate early gene 3, encoding the IE175 protein, an important transcriptional activator of later virus genes. The IE175 coding region was identified as a 3894 base sequence of 81.5% G+C(More)
Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) causes a chronic, lifelong infection in >60% of adults. Multiple recent vaccine trials have failed, with viral diversity likely contributing to these failures. To understand HSV-1 diversity better, we comprehensively compared 20 newly sequenced viral genomes from China, Japan, Kenya, and South Korea with six previously(More)