Aida Habibovic

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The physiological mechanisms underlying the compensatory growth of beta-cell mass in insulin-resistant states are poorly understood. Using the insulin-resistant Zucker fatty (fa/fa) (ZF) rat and the corresponding Zucker lean control (ZLC) rat, we investigated the factors contributing to the age-/obesity-related enhancement of beta-cell mass. A 3.8-fold(More)
beta-Cell mass is determined by a dynamic balance of proliferation, neogenesis, and apoptosis. The precise mechanisms underlying compensatory beta-cell mass (BCM) homeostasis are not fully understood. To evaluate the processes that maintain normoglycemia and regulate BCM during pancreatic regeneration, C57BL/6 mice were analyzed for 15 days following 60%(More)
The physiological mechanisms underlying pancreatic beta-cell mass (BCM) homeostasis are complex and not fully resolved. Here we examined the factors contributing to the increased BCM following a mild glucose infusion (GI) whereby normoglycemia was maintained through 96 h. We used morphometric and immunochemical methods to investigate enhanced beta-cell(More)
BACKGROUND The IL-1 family member IL-33 plays a critical role in type 2 innate immune responses to allergens and is an important mediator of allergic asthma. The mechanisms by which allergens provoke epithelial IL-33 secretion are still poorly understood. OBJECTIVE Based on previous findings indicating involvement of the NADPH oxidase dual oxidase 1(More)
The respiratory epithelium plays a critical role in innate defenses against airborne pathogens and pollutants, and alterations in epithelial homeostasis and repair mechanisms are thought to contribute to chronic lung diseases associated with airway remodeling. Previous studies implicated the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-reduced oxidase dual(More)
Circulating levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their endogenous inhibitors, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), are altered in human obesity and may contribute to its pathology. TIMP-2 exerts MMP-dependent (MMP inhibition and pro-MMP-2 activation) and MMP-independent functions. To assess the role of TIMP-2 in a murine model of(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse health effects of tobacco smoke arise partly from its influence on innate and adaptive immune responses, leading to impaired innate immunity and host defense. The impact of smoking on allergic asthma remains unclear, with various reports demonstrating that cigarette smoke enhances asthma development but can also suppress allergic airway(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays a critical role in regulating airway epithelial homeostasis and responses to injury. Activation of EGFR is regulated by redox-dependent processes involving reversible cysteine oxidation by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and involves both ligand-dependent and -independent mechanisms, but the precise source(s)(More)
The NADPH oxidase homolog dual oxidase 1 (DUOX1) plays an important role in innate airway epithelial responses to infection or injury, but the precise molecular mechanisms are incompletely understood and the cellular redox-sensitive targets for DUOX1-derived H2O2 have not been identified. The aim of the present study was to survey the involvement of DUOX1(More)
Acrolein is a major thiol-reactive component of cigarette smoke (CS) that is thought to contribute to increased asthma incidence associated with smoking. Here, we explored the effects of acute acrolein exposure on innate airway responses to two common airborne allergens, house dust mite and Alternaria alternata, and observed that acrolein exposure of(More)