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BACKGROUND It has been argued that the excessive consumption of energy drinks (EDs) may have serious health consequences, and that may serve as an indicator for substance use and other risky behaviors. The present paper offers a perspective on this topic that remains underexplored on the population of adolescents. METHODS Data were collected via(More)
BACKGROUND The Internet represents an increasingly common source of health-related information, and it has facilitated a wide range of interactions between people and the health care delivery system. OBJECTIVE To establish the extent of Internet access and use to gather information about health topics and the potential implications to health care among(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the relation between residential exposure to radon and lung cancer. METHODS A literature search was performed using Medline and other sources. The quality of studies was assessed. Adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the risk of lung cancer among categories of levels of exposure to radon were extracted. For(More)
BACKGROUND This survey was intended to investigate prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) in a sample of children in Southern Italy and to identify factors that may be related to this condition. METHODS The study was designed as a cross-sectional survey. The study population (children aged 36-71 months) attending thirteen kindergartens(More)
BACKGROUND Ambulatory care-sensitive conditions (ACSC), such as hypertension, diabetes, chronic heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma, are conditions that can be managed with timely and effective outpatient care reducing the need of hospitalization. Avoidable hospitalizations for ACSC have been used to assess access, quality and(More)
BACKGROUND The use of health status measures to assess health-related quality of life is not widespread. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence, characteristics and severity of oral impacts on health using the Child-Oral Impact on Daily Performance (Child-OIDP). METHODS The survey was conducted on 11-16 years old randomly selected(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to measure inappropriateness of admission and inpatient days in pediatric hospital wards in Catanzaro, Italy, and the effect of different variables on such inappropriateness. DESIGN A retrospective application was made using the Pediatric Appropriateness Evaluation Protocol list of criteria. For each patient,(More)
CONTEXT Pneumococcal conjugate bacterial vaccines that are able to prevent invasive disease and mucosal infections have been developed. OBJECTIVE A meta-analysis of published data from trials on pneumococcal conjugate vaccine was performed to determine the efficacy in reducing the incidence of invasive disease caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate physicians' knowledge about evidence-based patient safety practices, their attitudes on preventing and managing medical errors and to explore physicians' behavior when facing medical errors. DESIGN A nationwide cross-sectional survey. SETTING We first stratified our population by the 20 Italian regions. Then, within each(More)
BACKGROUND Meta-analysis was used to assess the effectiveness of local delivery of metronidazole alone or as an adjunct to mechanical therapy in patients with chronic periodontitis. METHODS Studies were identified using MEDLINE and other sources. Meta-analyses were performed on the basis of probing depth (PD) at baseline and experimental and control(More)