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OBJECTIVE To examine the relationships between intensity of delivery room resuscitation and short- and long-term outcomes of very low birth weight infants enrolled in the Caffeine for Apnea of Prematurity (CAP) Trial. STUDY DESIGN The CAP Trial enrolled 2006 infants with birthweights between 500 and 1250 g who were eligible for caffeine therapy. All(More)
We tested the hypothesis that the function of cholinergic-nicotinic receptors on respiration is age dependent. To this end, we used whole body plethysmography to measure breathing frequency (fR), tidal volume (V(T)) and minute ventilation (V (E)) under normoxia (21% O(2)) in rats at 1, 4, 7, 12 and 21 postnatal days before and after administration of(More)
IMPORTANCE Extremely preterm infants may experience intermittent hypoxemia or bradycardia for many weeks after birth. The prognosis of these events is uncertain. OBJECTIVE To determine the association between intermittent hypoxemia or bradycardia and late death or disability. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Post hoc analysis of data from the inception(More)
Keto-doxapram (keto-dox), an oxidative metabolite of doxapram, is a possible ventilatory stimulating agent. Our study characterizes its ventilatory properties, pharmacodynamic effects, and pharmacokinetic profile, and those of its parent compound, doxapram. Two groups of five awake, unsedated, newborn lambs (2- to 6-d old) received, respectively, i.v.(More)
The biotransformation of doxapram, a respiratory stimulant was studied with use of explants from human fetal livers (n = 15 fetuses) obtained from therapeutic abortions (gestational age, 10 to 20 weeks). Explants were cultured in Leibowitz medium and the media from cultured samples were collected before and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 hours after incubation with(More)
This study determined: (1) whether dopamine (DA) D2-receptor (R) and D1-R mRNA levels in the carotid body (CB), petrosal ganglion (PG) and superior cervical ganglion (SCG) are modulated by hypoxia; (2) the role of hypoxia intensity and exposure duration, and (3) whether the pattern of modulation differs between newborn (1-day-old) and adult rabbits. Rabbits(More)
Using the Reverse transcription-Polymerase chain reaction, we detected dopamine D2 receptor mRNA short and long isoforms in the adult carotid body of rats, cats, and rabbits. For these animals, the relative short/long ratios were 0.60, 0.65 and 0.57, respectively. Our results suggest that the variety of dopamine effects on carotid chemoreceptor activity,(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Neonatal maternal separation (NMS) disrupts development of cardiorespiratory regulation. Adult male rats previously subjected to NMS are hypertensive and show a hypoxic ventilatory response greater than that of controls. These results have been obtained in awake or anesthetised animals, and the consequences of NMS on respiratory control(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), serious brain injury, and severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) as predictors of poor long-term outcome in very low birth weight infants. STUDY DESIGN We examined the associations between counts of the 3 morbidities and long-term outcomes in 1514 of 1791 (85%) infants with birth weights of 500-1250(More)