Learn More
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationships between intensity of delivery room resuscitation and short- and long-term outcomes of very low birth weight infants enrolled in the Caffeine for Apnea of Prematurity (CAP) Trial. STUDY DESIGN The CAP Trial enrolled 2006 infants with birthweights between 500 and 1250 g who were eligible for caffeine therapy. All(More)
This study describes the developmental profile of specific aspects of cholinergic and purinergic neurotransmission in key organs of the peripheral chemoreflex: the carotid body (CB), petrosal ganglion (PG) and superior cervical ganglion (SCG). Using real time RT-PCR and Western blot analyses, we assessed both mRNA and protein expression levels for(More)
Using real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, Northern blot, and Western blot analyses, we evaluated the developmental pattern of mRNA and protein expression level of muscarinic M1 and M2 receptors in the carotid body, petrosal ganglion and superior cervical ganglion of 1-day, 15-day, 2-month-old and adult cats. mRNA expression and(More)
Caffeine is an adenosine receptor antagonist that is commonly used in the clinic as a respiratory stimulant to treat apnea of prematurity. A recent clinical study showed that newborns treated with caffeine present no neuro-developmental disabilities at 2 years of age in comparison to placebo-treated children [Schmidt, B., Roberts, R.S., Davis, P., Doyle,(More)
IMPORTANCE Extremely preterm infants may experience intermittent hypoxemia or bradycardia for many weeks after birth. The prognosis of these events is uncertain. OBJECTIVE To determine the association between intermittent hypoxemia or bradycardia and late death or disability. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Post hoc analysis of data from the inception(More)
Keto-doxapram (keto-dox), an oxidative metabolite of doxapram, is a possible ventilatory stimulating agent. Our study characterizes its ventilatory properties, pharmacodynamic effects, and pharmacokinetic profile, and those of its parent compound, doxapram. Two groups of five awake, unsedated, newborn lambs (2- to 6-d old) received, respectively, i.v.(More)
The biotransformation of doxapram, a respiratory stimulant was studied with use of explants from human fetal livers (n = 15 fetuses) obtained from therapeutic abortions (gestational age, 10 to 20 weeks). Explants were cultured in Leibowitz medium and the media from cultured samples were collected before and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 hours after incubation with(More)
This study determined: (1) whether dopamine (DA) D2-receptor (R) and D1-R mRNA levels in the carotid body (CB), petrosal ganglion (PG) and superior cervical ganglion (SCG) are modulated by hypoxia; (2) the role of hypoxia intensity and exposure duration, and (3) whether the pattern of modulation differs between newborn (1-day-old) and adult rabbits. Rabbits(More)
Using the Reverse transcription-Polymerase chain reaction, we detected dopamine D2 receptor mRNA short and long isoforms in the adult carotid body of rats, cats, and rabbits. For these animals, the relative short/long ratios were 0.60, 0.65 and 0.57, respectively. Our results suggest that the variety of dopamine effects on carotid chemoreceptor activity,(More)