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OBJECTIVE To examine the relationships between intensity of delivery room resuscitation and short- and long-term outcomes of very low birth weight infants enrolled in the Caffeine for Apnea of Prematurity (CAP) Trial. STUDY DESIGN The CAP Trial enrolled 2006 infants with birthweights between 500 and 1250 g who were eligible for caffeine therapy. All(More)
We tested the hypothesis that the function of cholinergic-nicotinic receptors on respiration is age dependent. To this end, we used whole body plethysmography to measure breathing frequency (fR), tidal volume (V(T)) and minute ventilation (V (E)) under normoxia (21% O(2)) in rats at 1, 4, 7, 12 and 21 postnatal days before and after administration of(More)
Using the Reverse transcription-Polymerase chain reaction, we detected dopamine D2 receptor mRNA short and long isoforms in the adult carotid body of rats, cats, and rabbits. For these animals, the relative short/long ratios were 0.60, 0.65 and 0.57, respectively. Our results suggest that the variety of dopamine effects on carotid chemoreceptor activity,(More)
IMPORTANCE Extremely preterm infants may experience intermittent hypoxemia or bradycardia for many weeks after birth. The prognosis of these events is uncertain. OBJECTIVE To determine the association between intermittent hypoxemia or bradycardia and late death or disability. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Post hoc analysis of data from the inception(More)
This study determined: (1) whether dopamine (DA) D2-receptor (R) and D1-R mRNA levels in the carotid body (CB), petrosal ganglion (PG) and superior cervical ganglion (SCG) are modulated by hypoxia; (2) the role of hypoxia intensity and exposure duration, and (3) whether the pattern of modulation differs between newborn (1-day-old) and adult rabbits. Rabbits(More)
The activities of carotid chemoreceptors at three levels of inspired PO2 (55, 145 and 690 Torr) and at two levels of inspired PCO2 (35 and 70 Torr in O2) were studied in 28 anesthetized, mechanically ventilated kittens aged 0-17 days. A biphasic response to hypoxia was found in 46% of them: the chemosensory activity increased to a peak within 30 sec after(More)
Ventilatory long-term facilitation (LTF; defined as gradual increase of minute ventilation following repeated hypoxic exposures) is well described in adult mammals and is hypothesized to be a protective mechanism against apnea. In newborns, LTF is absent during the first postnatal days, but its precise developmental pattern is unknown. Accordingly, this(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify symptoms in neonates exposed to antidepressants in late pregnancy and to propose a categorization of these symptoms to help clinical assessment of antidepressant effects in exposed neonates. METHODS Data were extracted retrospectively from maternal and neonatal hospital charts. A total of 73 neonates exposed to antidepressant and 73(More)
This study describes the localization and pattern of expression of estradiol and progesterone receptors as well as key enzymes for steroid synthesis (i.e. P450 side-chain-cleavage--P450scc, and P450 aromatase--P450Aro) in the carotid body (CB) and superior cervical ganglion (SCG) of adult, newborn and late fetal male rats, using immunohistochemistry,(More)