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We tested the hypothesis that the function of cholinergic-nicotinic receptors on respiration is age dependent. To this end, we used whole body plethysmography to measure breathing frequency (fR), tidal volume (V(T)) and minute ventilation (V (E)) under normoxia (21% O(2)) in rats at 1, 4, 7, 12 and 21 postnatal days before and after administration of(More)
Using the Reverse transcription-Polymerase chain reaction, we detected dopamine D2 receptor mRNA short and long isoforms in the adult carotid body of rats, cats, and rabbits. For these animals, the relative short/long ratios were 0.60, 0.65 and 0.57, respectively. Our results suggest that the variety of dopamine effects on carotid chemoreceptor activity,(More)
Doxapram is a respiratory stimulant which acts on peripheral chemoreceptors and central respiratory neurons in a dose-dependent fashion in the adult cat. In the newborn, the mechanisms of action of doxapram are still unclear. To evaluate the effects of doxapram on the carotid chemosensory discharge and its relationship with dopaminergic mechanisms in the(More)
Dopamine is a major neurotransmitter in the carotid body of several animal species and its functional role at the level of peripheral arterial chemoreflex pathway is attributed to the presence of the dopamine D2-receptors. We present evidence that the dopamine D1-receptor mRNA is also expressed in the carotid body of adult rabbits, cats and rats. A DNA(More)
The neonatal period is critical for central nervous system (CNS) development. Recent studies have shown that this basic neurobiological principle also applies to the neural circuits regulating respiratory activity as exposure to excessive or insufficient chemosensory stimuli during early life can have long-lasting consequences on the performance of this(More)
Adult male (but not female) rats previously subjected to neonatal maternal separation (NMS) are hypertensive and show a significant increase (25%) in their hypoxic ventilatory response. To begin investigating the mechanisms involved in this gender-specific disruption in cardiorespiratory regulation, we tested the hypothesis that NMS alters the expression of(More)
In awake animals, our laboratory recently showed that the hypoxic ventilatory response of adult male (but not female) rats previously subjected to neonatal maternal separation (NMS) is 25% greater than controls (Genest SE, Gulemetova R, Laforest S, Drolet G, and Kinkead R. J Physiol 554: 543-557, 2004). To begin mechanistic investigations of the effects of(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify symptoms in neonates exposed to antidepressants in late pregnancy and to propose a categorization of these symptoms to help clinical assessment of antidepressant effects in exposed neonates. METHODS Data were extracted retrospectively from maternal and neonatal hospital charts. A total of 73 neonates exposed to antidepressant and 73(More)
Ventilatory long-term facilitation (LTF; defined as gradual increase of minute ventilation following repeated hypoxic exposures) is well described in adult mammals and is hypothesized to be a protective mechanism against apnea. In newborns, LTF is absent during the first postnatal days, but its precise developmental pattern is unknown. Accordingly, this(More)
Using real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, Northern blot, and Western blot analyses, we evaluated the developmental pattern of mRNA and protein expression level of muscarinic M1 and M2 receptors in the carotid body, petrosal ganglion and superior cervical ganglion of 1-day, 15-day, 2-month-old and adult cats. mRNA expression and(More)