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A gene encoding delta5 fatty acid desaturase (fad5) was cloned from marine fungus Thraustochytrium sp. FJN-10, a species capable of producing docosahexaenoic acid. The open reading frame of fad5 was 1,320 bp and encoded a protein comprising 439 amino acids. Expression of the fad5 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae INVSC1 revealed that FAD5 is able to introduce a(More)
Fatty acid derivatives, such as hydroxy fatty acids, fatty alcohols, fatty acid methyl/ethyl esters, and fatty alka(e)nes, have a wide range of industrial applications including plastics, lubricants, and fuels. Currently, these chemicals are obtained mainly through chemical synthesis, which is complex and costly, and their availability from natural(More)
Short branched-chain fatty acids (SBCFAs, C4-6) are versatile platform intermediates for the production of value-added products in the chemical industry. Currently, SBCFAs are mainly synthesized chemically, which can be costly and may cause environmental pollution. In order to develop an economical and environmentally friendly route for SBCFA production, we(More)
On the molecular and biochemical levels, the effects of different carbon sources on biomass production, fatty acid biosynthesis, and gene expression of three desaturases were investigated in Mortierella alpina ATCC 16266, at a stationary phase, which is an important filamentous fungus capable of producing various polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). The(More)
BACKGROUND Biodiesel is a mixture of fatty acid short-chain alkyl esters of different fatty acid carbon chain lengths. However, while fatty acid methyl or ethyl esters are useful biodiesel produced commercially, fatty acid esters with branched-chain alcohol moieties have superior fuel properties. Crucially, this includes improved cold flow characteristics,(More)
Unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs), including oleic acid (OA, C18:1n-9), linoleic acid (LA, C18:2n-6) and α-linolenic acid (ALA, C18:3n-3), are major components of membrane lipids in Pichia pastoris GS115. In order to clarify the biosynthesis pathway of UFAs on the molecular level and investigate their possible roles in growth and development of this strain, we(More)
Yarrowia lipolytica is a non-pathogenic, dimorphic and strictly aerobic yeast species. Owing to its distinctive physiological features and metabolic characteristics, this unconventional yeast is not only a good model for the study of the fundamental nature of fungal differentiation but is also a promising microbial platform for biochemical production and(More)
Here we investigated the regulation of Pichia pastoris desaturase genes by low temperature and exogenous fatty acids in the late-exponential phase at the transcriptional level. Time-course studies of gene expression showed that mRNA levels of four desaturase genes were rapidly and transiently enhanced by low temperature and suppressed by exogenous oleic(More)
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