Ai Nakahara

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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARA alpha) plays a pivotal role in lipid metabolism. Our previous study reported that PPARA-V227A was a major polymorphism in Japanese, which was associated with markedly lower serum total cholesterol (TC) levels, which were significantly affected by alcohol drinking compared to subjects with the wild-type(More)
BACKGROUND To reduce this complication and to enhance the radiation effect to hypoxic cells of high-grade gliomas, the authors performed noninvasive fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) using a Gamma unit combined with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy for the treatment of recurrent disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-five consecutive patients who(More)
AIM To evaluate the efficacy of polaprezinc, a mucosal protective agent, in combination with a 7-day triple therapy containing lansoprazole, amoxycillin and clarithromycin, as a treatment for Helicobacter pylori. METHODS Sixty-six consecutive patients suffering from dyspeptic symptoms with H. pylori infection were randomly allocated to one of two(More)
Celiac axis stenosis is frequently associated with pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysms. Although the cause of stenosis was not clear in most of the reported cases, compression of the median arcuate ligament of the diaphragm was found to be responsible for the stenosis in 7 of 42 reported cases of this type of aneurysm. We report a case of aneurysm caused(More)
The Neodymium-Yag laser was successfully used with a choledochofiberscope for choledocholithotomy in two patients. The bile duct stones were crushed with the Yag laser and removed or pushed into the duodenum without causing any injury. This procedure is highly recommended for treatment of some patients with bile duct stones.
We have reported that endothelin-1 induces gastric ulcer characterized by a potent long-lasting vasoconstriction of the regional microvasculature. Nitric oxide synthesized from L-arginine has been shown to regulated gastric mucosal blood flow, and inhibition of its synthesis has been shown to delay the healing of gastric ulcers. We examined the effect of(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection, as well as NSAIDs induce oxidative stress on gastric mucosa, thereby causing mucosal damage and retarding mucosal repair. Cells can survive against chronic oxidative stress by enhancing activities of anti-oxidant enzymes, thereby protecting cells from DNA damage. Recent studies have clearly shown that the gene encoding Nrf-2(More)
Until recently, little has been known about the morphological features of dying enterocytes at the villus tips of the human small intestine. The present study aimed to show the exfoliating processes of effete enterocytes at the villus tips. Cellular elements of the duodenal lumen and jejunal tissue in humans were fixed and processed for DNA nick end(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE To further understand the precise process of the tumor cell degeneration after photodynamic therapy (PDT), laser hyperthermic therapy (LH), and combined treatments using an Nd:YAG laser. It is important to examine initial morphological alteration of tumor cells after these treatments. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS In this(More)