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The generation of tumor-directed cytotoxic T lymphocytes is considered crucial for the induction of antitumor immunity. To activate these CD8(+) T cells, antigen-presenting cells (APCs) must initially acquire tumor cell-associated antigens. The major source of tumor antigens is dead tumor cells, but little is known about how APCs in draining lymph nodes(More)
During the course of inflammation and its resolution, macrophages are exposed to various cytotoxic materials, including reactive oxygen species. Thus, macrophages require a protective machinery against oxidative stress to survive at the inflammatory site. Here, we showed that xCT, a component of transport system x(c)(-), was significantly up-regulated in(More)
The spv genes carried on the Salmonella virulence plasmid are commonly associated with severe systemic infection in experimental animals. The SpvB virulence-associated protein has been shown to ADP-ribosylate actin, and this enzymatic activity is essential for virulence in mice. Here, we present evidence that intracellular expression of SpvB protein induces(More)
Nontyphoid Salmonella enterica requires the plasmid-encoded spv genes to establish successful systemic infection in experimental animals. The SpvB virulence-associated protein has recently been shown to contain the ADP-ribosyltransferase domain. SpvB ADP-ribosilates actin and depolymerizes actin filaments when expressed in cultured epithelial cells.(More)
The DNA strand-breaking activities of 9 quinolones, widely used as antimicrobial agents and suspected to induce photo-dermatological disorders in humans, were examined under irradiation using standard domestic fluorescent lamps. Two quinolones, tosufloxacin and enoxacin, converted the supercoiled covalently closed circular plasmid DNA to the open circular(More)
A new species, Vibrio trachuri sp. nov., was isolated from the cultured Japanese horse mackerel (Trachurus japonicus). These Vibrio were Gram negative, motile rods and formed yellow colonies on BTB teepol and TCBS plate, turned TSI medium to yellow and was sensitive to 150 microM O/129 (2,4-diamino-6,7-diisopropyl pteridine phosphate) like Listonella(More)
Analogues of amsacrine and other 9-anilinoacridines, bearing azide groups at various positions, were tested for their mutagenic activity in five strains of Salmonella typhimurium, both before and after photoirradiation. Azido substitution at the 2- or 3-position of the acridine or the 1'-position of the aniline led to compounds which were active frameshift(More)
PURPOSE The chemotherapeutic effects and pharmacokinetics properties of WP-0405 (a thermo-setting in situ 0.3% ofloxacin-containing ophthalmic gel) and ofloxacin (a conventional 0.3% ofloxacin solution) on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) keratitis were compared in a rabbit model. METHOD The single-instillation pharmacokinetics of(More)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was performed for rapid and sensitive detection of pathogenic Vibrio trachuri isolated from cultured Japanese horse mackerel. A set of primers was selected from the base sequence of the Pst I fragment of T9210 chromosomal DNA and used for PCR detection of T9210. This PCR specifically amplified the DNAs from V.(More)