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We have developed a three-dimensional random network model of the intracellular actin cytoskeleton and have used it to study the role of the cytoskeleton in mechanotransduction and nucleus deformation. We use the model to predict the deformation of the nucleus when mechanical stresses applied on the plasma membrane are propagated through the random(More)
Tumor suppressor p53 prevents tumorigenesis and tumor growth by suppressing the activation of several transcription factors, including nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and STAT3. On the other hand, p53 stimulates actin cytoskeleton remodeling and integrin-related signaling cascades. Here, we examined the p53-mediated link between regulation of the actin(More)
Cells sense the rigidity of their substrate; however, little is known about the physical variables that determine their response to this rigidity. Here, we report traction stress measurements carried out using fibroblasts on polyacrylamide gels with Young's moduli ranging from 6 to 110 kPa. We prepared the substrates by employing a modified method that(More)
Oncogenic Ras induces cell transformation and promotes an invasive phenotype. The tumor suppressor p53 has a suppressive role in Ras-driven invasion. However, its mechanism remains poorly understood. Here we show that p53 induces activation of the mitochondrial protease high-temperature requirement A2 (HtrA2; also known as Omi) and prevents Ras-driven(More)
Leukocytes and tumor cells migrate via rapid shape changes in an amoeboid-like manner, distinct from mesenchymal cells such as fibroblasts. However, the mechanisms of how rapid shape changes are caused and how they lead to migration in the amoeboid mode are still unclear. In this study, we confined differentiated human promyelocytic leukemia cells between(More)
MEKK1 (also known as MAP3K1), which plays a major role in MAPK signaling, has been implicated in mechanical processes in cells, such as migration. Here, we identify the actin-binding protein calponin-3 as a new MEKK1 substrate in the signaling that regulates actomyosin-based cellular contractility. MEKK1 colocalizes with calponin-3 at the actin cytoskeleton(More)
The mechanical properties of the microenvironment play a large role in influencing cellular behavior. In particular, the tradeoff between substrate viscosity and elasticity on collective cell migration by adherent cells is highly physiologically relevant, but remains poorly understood. To investigate the specific effects of viscous substrates, we plated(More)
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