Ai-Jun Jiang

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Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is the most aggressive subtype of lung cancer in its clinical behavior, with a 5-year overall survival as low as 5%. Despite years of research in the field, molecular determinants of SCLC behavior are still poorly understood, and this deficiency has translated into an absence of specific diagnostics and targeted therapeutics.(More)
The successful application of human gene therapy protocols on a broad clinical basis will depend on the availability of in vivo cell-type-specific gene delivery systems. We have developed retroviral vector particles, derived from spleen necrosis virus (SNV), that display the antigen binding site of an antibody on the viral surface. Using retroviral vectors(More)
Malignant melanoma is one of the most lethal and aggressive human malignancies. Suppressed apoptosis and extraordinary invasiveness are the distinctive features that contribute to malignant melanoma. The alkylating agent temozolomide (TMZ) is one of the most effective single chemotherapeutic agents for patients with malignant melanoma, but resistance(More)
Cell type-specific gene delivery will be essential for in vivo gene therapy. Our laboratory has previously developed retroviral vector particles, derived from spleen necrosis virus, SNV, which display the antigen-binding site of an antibody on the viral surface. Such particles infected only human cells in vitro, which expressed a receptor recognized by the(More)
Combinatorial therapy is the current trend of the development of novel cancer treatments due to the high heterogenous nature of solid tumors. In this study, we investigated the effects of the combined use of a conditionally replicating adenovirus carrying IL-24 (ZD55-IL-24) and radiotherapy on the proliferation and apoptosis of melanoma A375 cells in vitro(More)
Temozolomide (TMZ) is an alkylating agent that is widely used in chemotherapy for cancer. A key mechanism of resistance to TMZ is the overexpression of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT). MGMT specifically repairs the DNA O6-methylation damage induced by TMZ and irreversibly inactivates TMZ. Regulation of MGMT expression and research regarding(More)
Melanoma is the most malignant skin cancer and is highly resistant to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Curcumin is a component of turmeric, the yellow spice derived from the rhizome of Curcuma longa. It has been demonstrated to modulate multiple cell signaling pathways, including apoptosis, proliferation, angiogenesis and inflammation. In this study, we(More)
We reported that SNV-derived retroviral vectors, which display single-chain antibodies on the viral surface, enable cell type-specific gene delivery into various human cells. In particular, the SNV cell type-specific gene delivery vector system appears to be well suited to transduce genes into cells of the human hematopoietic system (Jiang et al., J. Virol.(More)
Spleen necrosis virus (SNV) and Reticuloendotheliosis virus strain A (REV-A) belong to the family of reticuloendotheliosis viruses and are 90% sequence related. SNV-derived retroviral vectors produced by the REV-A-based D17.2G packaging cell line were shown to infect human cells (H.-M. Koo, A. M. C. Brown, Y. Ron, and J. P. Dougherty, J. Virol.(More)
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