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The administration of morphine and fentanyl by continuous intravenous infusion has been shown to produce analgesic tolerance and physical dependence in human neonates. In animals, daily repeated morphine bolus injections is a common method of inducing neonatal rat tolerance and dependence. Yet this method differs from the intravenous route reported to(More)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) regulates the reproductive system through the cognate GnRH receptor (GnRHR) in vertebrates. In this study, we cloned a cDNA encoding the full-length open reading frame sequence for green monkey type-II GnRHR (gmGnRHR-2) from the genomic DNA of CV-1 cells. Transient transfection study showed that gmGnRHR-2 was able to(More)
To test the inducibility of CYP1A homologs in guinea pig adrenal, the effects of 3,3'-methylcholanthrene, an archetypal inducer of CYP1A, were compared in guinea pig adrenal and liver. Western blot analysis showed that levels of both CYP1A1 (53 kDa) and CYP1A2 (56 kDa) increasedin liver microsomes of 3,3'-methylcholanthrene-treated guinea pigs. In adrenals,(More)
Mammalian type I and II gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptors (GnRHRs) show differential ligand preference for GnRH-I and GnRH-II, respectively. Using a variety of chimeric receptors based on green monkey GnRHR-2 (gmGnRHR-2), a representative type II GnRHR, and rat GnRHR, a representative type I GnRHR, this study elucidated specific domains(More)
Recently, we identified three types of non-mammalian gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptors (GnRHR) in the bullfrog (designated bfGnRHR-1-3), and a mammalian type-II GnRHR in green monkey cell lines (denoted gmGnRHR-2). All these receptors responded better to GnRH-II than GnRH-I, while mammalian type-I GnRHR showed greater sensitivity to GnRH-I than(More)
The sulfated neurosteroids pregnenolone sulfate (Δ(5)PS) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) are known to play a role in the control of reproductive behavior. In the frog Pelophylax ridibundus, the enzyme hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase (HST), responsible for the biosynthesis of Δ(5)PS and DHEAS, is expressed in the magnocellular nucleus and the(More)
Guinea pig CYP1A2 cDNA was isolated by RT-PCR from liver tissue of 3,3'-methylcholanthrene-treated guinea pigs. It shares considerable sequence identity with guinea pig CYP1A1 (nt 77%, aa 65%), but differs in levels of constitutive expression, function, and inducibility. Western blot analysis of protein expressed by full-length cDNA in COS-1 cells(More)
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