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The important criteria used in subjective evaluation of distorted images include the amount of distortion, the type of distortion, and the distribution of error. An ideal image quality measure should, therefore, be able to mimic the human observer. We present a new grayscale image quality measure that can be used as a graphical or a scalar measure to(More)
Protection of digital multimedia content has become an increasingly important issue for content owners and service providers. As watermarking is identified as a major technology to achieve copyright protection, the relevant literature includes several distinct approaches for embedding data into a multimedia element (primarily images, audio, and video).(More)
Both Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) and Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) have been used as mathematical tools for embedding data into an image. In this paper, we present a new robust hybrid watermarking scheme based on DCT and SVD. After applying the DCT to the cover image, we map the DCT coefficients in a zig-zag order into four quadrants, and apply the(More)
Invited Paper The use of digital video offers immense opportunities for creators; however, the ability for anyone to make perfect copies and the ease by which those copies can be distributed also facilitate misuse, illegal copying and distribution (" piracy "), plagiarism, and misappropriation. Popular Internet software based on a peer-to-peer architecture(More)
Watermarking, the process of embedding data into a multimedia element, can be used primarily for copyright protection and other purposes. The schemes that have recently been proposed modify the pixel values or transform domain coefficients. The Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) is a practical numerical tool with applications in a number of signal(More)
The security of multimedia data in digital distribution networks is commonly provided by encryption, i.e., the mathematical process that transforms a plaintext message into unintelligible ciphertext. Nevertheless, the classical and modern ciphers have all been developed for the simplest form of multimedia data, i.e., text, and are not appropriate for higher(More)
While lossy image compression techniques are vital in reducing bandwidth and storage requirements, they result in distortions in compressed images. A reliable quality measure is a much needed tool for determining the type and amount of image distortion. The traditional subjective criteria, which involve human observers, are inconvenient, time-consuming, and(More)