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BACKGROUND Systemic inflammation is accepted as one of the pathophysiological mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF). The role of inflammation has been shown previously. Interleukin (IL) system is the main modulator of the inflammatory responses and genetic polymorphisms of IL-1 cluster genes are associated with increased risk for inflammatory diseases. (More)
BACKGROUND To characterize cathepsin K (CTSK) mutations in a group of patients with pycnodysostosis, who presented with either short stature or atypical fractures to pediatric endocrinology or dysmorphic features to pediatric genetics clinics. METHODS Seven exons and exon/intron boundaries of CTSK gene for the children and their families were amplified(More)
Inflammation and genetics play a key role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and its clinical result myocardial infarction (MI). Proinflammatory cytokines, IL-1 and IL-6, have been shown to play essential roles in developmental stages of coronary artery plaque formation. The aim of this study was to determine the association between IL-1 [IL-1RN, IL-1β(More)
Inflammatory cytokines play an important role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). One of candidate genes is interleukin-6 (IL-6), and single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the promoter region of IL-6 were found to be associated with RA. The aim of this study was to determine the association between IL-6 promoter polymorphisms (-174, -572, -597)(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the atherosclerosis of coronary arteries that carry blood to the heart muscle. Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease. Cytokine gene variations such as those associated with the IL1 family are involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin 1 (IL-1) family is composed of two agonists, IL-1alpha and IL-1Beta and IL-1 receptor antagonist, IL-1Ra. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between polymorphisms of IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RN), IL-1B promoter and IL-1B exon 5 genes and susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Turkish population. (More)
BACKGROUND Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a neurodegenerative disease. It involves inflammation and demyelination. Since cytokines play an important role in the development of MS, genes encoding cytokines such as the Interleukin (IL)-1 family are candidate genes for MS susceptibility. OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship between IL-1 gene family and MS in(More)
OBJECTIVES acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is defined as an inflammatory disease associated with development of atherosclerosis and instability. IL-1 is a candidate inflammatory cytokine that is thought to trigger ACS. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between IL-1 gene family polymorphisms (IL-1RN, IL-1B in positions -511 and +3953)(More)
Growth hormone (GH) is involved in growth, and fat and carbohydrate metabolism. Interaction of GH with the GH receptor (GHR) is necessary for systemic and local production of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) which mediates GH actions. Mutations in the GHR cause severe postnatal growth failure; the disorder is an autosomal recessive genetic disease(More)
Growth Hormone (GH) is a 22 kDa protein that has effects on growth and glucose and fat metabolisms. These effects are initiated by binding of growth hormone (GH) to growth hormone receptors (GHR) expressed in target cells. Mutations or deletions in the growth hormone receptor cause an autosomal disorder called Laron-type dwarfism (LS) characterized by high(More)