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Pneumosinus dilatans is an abnormal dilatation of the paranasal sinuses, which contains only air and is lined by normal mucosa. It is a rare condition, the aetiology of which is unclear. We describe four patients who presented to our department with pneumosinus dilatans. The aetiology was either developmental hydrocephalus (n = 1), post-traumatic (n = 1) or… (More)
We present a case of tuberculous otitis media in which a facial palsy occurred after the start of appropriate chemotherapy. To our knowledge this circumstance has not been described previously. It has been argued that radical surgery is completely unnecessary if chemotherapy is commenced early in the disease. We would suggest that this is not always the… (More)
Three cases of penetrating sinus injuries due to air gun pellets are presented in order to illustrate the potentially serious consequences of air gun injuries. Primary surgery was performed in all cases. The clinical presentation, methods of accurate pre-operative localization and surgery are discussed.
Leiomyosarcoma of the larynx is extremely rare. A patient with respiratory obstruction due to such a tumour is presented. This was originally misdiagnosed as hysteria. The treatment of choice was an emergency laryngectomy.
The ENT problems following the Birmingham bombings of 1974 are presented. It is during the positive phase of bomb blast that the tympanic membrane ruptures. Spalling is a likely explanation for the mechanism of rupture of the tympanic membrane specially in large perforations. Tympanic membrane defects involving 80 per cent of the surface area of the… (More)
A case of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the middle ear and mastoid is presented. The patient was treated by irradiation and Actinomycin D, and survived 4-5 months.
Twenty-two cases of extramedullary plasmacytomas (EMP) were diagnosed in the Birmingham region during 1962-1973. Five cases of EMP of the head and neck are discussed, including cases involving the parotid and submandibular salivary glands. Comparative data on incidence, age, sex, and survival is presented. A multidisciplinary approach is important for… (More)
A prospective analysis of patients referred by Otolaryngologists from a tertiary hospital for detailed assessment of the posterior cranial fossa was undertaken. The objectives were to evaluate radiological characteristics of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) within the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) and the internal auditory canal (IAC), and to… (More)
The Birmingham Mummy is of a warrior, 25-35 years of age, from the Graeco-Roman period. He was struck from the front by an arrow, which penetrated the soft tissues of the neck to some depth and lodged in the right infratemporal fossa. It is suggested that the wound became infected and that muscle spasm induced the torticollis which was not fully corrected… (More)