Ahmed Touhami

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The growth and division of Staphylococcus aureus was monitored by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and thin-section transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A good correlation of the structural events of division was found using the two microscopies, and AFM was able to provide new additional information. AFM was performed under water, ensuring that all(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating disorder that leads to memory loss and dementia. Neurodegeneration of cholinergic neurons in the septum and other basal forebrain areas is evident in early stages of AD. Glutamatergic neurons are also affected early in AD. In these stages, amyloid-β-peptide (Aβ) plaques are present in the hippocampus and other(More)
The medial septal region (medial septum and diagonal band of Broca, MS/DB) controls hippocampal excitability and synaptic plasticity. MS/DB cholinergic neurons degenerate early in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The presence of MS/DB glutamatergic neurons that project to the hippocampus and are vulnerable to Aβ suggests that excitotoxicity plays a role in AD(More)
The use of preconditioned Krylov methods is in many applications mandatory for computing efficiently the solution of large sparse nonlinear systems of equations. However, the available preconditioners are often sub-optimal, due to the changing nature of the linearized operator. In this work we introduce and analyze an adaptive preconditioning technique(More)
Type IV pili play an important role in bacterial adhesion, motility, and biofilm formation. Here we present high-resolution atomic force microscopy (AFM) images of type IV pili from Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria. An individual pilus ranges in length from 0.5 to 7 microm and has a diameter from 4 to 6 nm, although often, pili bundles in which the(More)
When solving the Symmetric Positive Definite (SPD) linear system Ax = b with the conjugate gradient method, the smallest eigenvalues in the matrix A often slow down the convergence. Consequently if the smallest eigenvalues in A could be somehow " removed " , the convergence may be improved. This observation is of importance even when a preconditioner is(More)
In this article, a new extension of affine arithmetic is introduced. This technique is based on a quadratic form named general quadratic form. We focus here on the computation of reliable bounds of a function over a hypercube by using this new tool. Some properties of first quadratic functions and then polynomial ones are reported. In order to show the(More)
Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida, a bacterial pathogen of Atlantic salmon, has no visible pili, yet its genome contains genes for three type IV pilus systems. One system, Tap, is similar to the Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pil system, and a second, Flp, resembles the Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans Flp pilus, while the third has homology to the(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative brain disorder characterized by extracellular accumulations of amyloid β (Aβ) peptides, intracellular accumulation of abnormal proteins, and early loss of basal forebrain neurons. Recent studies have indicated that the conformation of Aβ is crucial for neuronal toxicity, with intermediate(More)